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Faculty of Health and Life Sciences

Professor Tamara Galloway

Professor Tamara Galloway

Professor of Ecotoxicology


 Geoffrey Pope 216


Geoffrey Pope Building, University of Exeter , Stocker Road, Exeter, EX4 4QD, UK


My research focuses on marine pollution, the human health effects of pollutants and the sustainable development of novel materials and substances. I am a member of the Environmental Biology research group. and the Exeter Marine network

2015 ASLO Plenary: Tamara Galloway

Film by PhD student Matt Coles of Zooplankton eating microplastics.


1979 BSc (Hons) Biochemistry, University of Glasgow
1983 PhD ‘Structure and function of cholera toxin’ University of Edinburgh


2007-present Professor of Ecotoxicology, School of Biosciences, University of Exeter
1997-2007 Senior Lecturer (0.5 FTE), Principal lecturer (2001), Reader (2005) in Biochemistry, School of Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth
1990-1997. Career break. I held some part time positions during this time, for example as a Research Assistant one day a week working with Professor Peter Mitchell, FRS, Nobel Laureate at the Glynn Research Institute, Cornwall
1986-1990 Project Leader, Clinical Reagents Research and Development, Amersham International PLC, Buckinghamshire

Honours and awards

  • Asahi Glass Foundation Blue Planet Prize winner 2023
  • Volvo Environment Prize winner 2022 /
  • Awarded Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Academic Excellence, 2020. This prize is the highest national award achievable in UK higher and further education.
  • Appointed OBE for Services to Environmental Sciences, 2019
  • Won NERC Overall Research Impact Award prize (£40,000) 2018 for outstanding research into microplastics pollution and progress towards solutions
  • Awarded NERC Research with Outstanding Societal Impact Award 2018 for research to prevent microplastic pollution of the world’s oceans.
  • Awarded Guardian University Award 2018 for Research with Outstanding Societal Impact in preventing marine plastic pollution.
  • Listed by Clarivate as one of the World’s Most Highly Cited Researchers since 2017, recognised in the top 1% of elite scientists demonstrating exceptional research performance and global influence.
  • Addressed the United Nations Environmental Consultation on Microbeads and Human Health, New York, June 2016, supporting international policies for environmental protection.
  • Appointed to the UK NERC Strategic Science and Innovation Board, 2013-2016, working to identify and implement research priorities to protect the environment for future generations.
  • Nominated for UK Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Outstanding Research, 2013 for research into the human health impacts of plastics chemical bisphenol A.
  • Finalist for University of Exeter ‘Research with Impact’ award 2011 for Outstanding Research Contribution to Policy and Public Service
  • Honorary Chair in Ecotoxicology, University of Exeter Medical School, 2008-present
  • Norman Davidson Memorial Gold Medallist 1983


Research group links

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Research interests

My research group studies the biological effects of environmental chemicals in human and wildlife populations. We use a systems wide approach to address the following questions,

  • How do pollutants damage living systems?
  • How have animals evolved tolerance and resistance in polluted environments?
  • What makes some animals more sensitive than others?

We study both legacy contaminants (crude oil and organic oil derived compounds) and novel substances of concern (endocrine disruptors, microplastics and nanomaterials).

The relevance of our work

We are working with our funders to develop a predictive capability of the likely outcome of pollutants impacting on natural populations. Our research on simple invertebrate organisms has universal application in providing models of disease processes and the ways in which environmental factors contribute to human health conditions.

Key words: biomarker, gene expression, nanomaterial, plastics, microplastics, endocrine disrupting chemicals,

Research networks

Current research grants

  • 2023 UKRI/South West Water CREWW Microplastics Lab
  • 2023 NERC Future Fibres Network plus
  • 2020 NERC/GCRF Reducing plastic waste in the Galapagos and Eastern Pacific
  • 2018 NERC MINIMISE: Current and future effects of microplastics on marine ecosystems
  • 2018 EPSRC EXEMPLAR: The Exeter Hub for a Circular Economy for Plastics.
  • 2018 GCRF /Academy of Medical Sciences Establishing a multidisciplinary network to tackle marine plastic pollution in the Galapagos Archipelago and Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean, GCRF networking grant
  • 2016 NERC Tracking relevant transformations of manufactured nanomaterials in the environment, fate and effect. 

Previous research grants

  • 2014 NERC Bioaccumulation and biological effects of microscopic plastic debris in the ocean

  • 2014 NERC Metal/Metal Oxide Nanomaterials and Oxidative Stress- Are there Harmful Health Effects in Fish for Environmental Exposures?

  • 2013 European Union Guidenano: Assessment and mitigation of nanomaterial-enabled product risks on human and environmental health

  • 2013  National Australian Health and Medical Research Council with Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne. Bisphenol A and the risk of chronic disease

  • 2012 European Union CLEANSEA: Towards a Clean, Litter -Free European Marine Environment through Scientific Evidence, Innovative Tools and Good Governance
  • 2012 European Union NANOMILE: Engineered nanomaterials mechanisms of interaction with living systems and the environment: a universal framework for safe nanotechnology
  • 2011 NERC Ecotoxicology of metal oxide nanomaterials in the aquatic environment
  • 2011 BBSRC Ecotoxicology in the benthic zone: Investigating the life history factors that influence species sensitivity. CASE awards with AstraZeneca
  • 2011 Wellcome Trust Gender inequalities in early life health outcomes
  • 2011 European Union Qnano European Infrastucture for Nanosafety
  • 2011 DEFRA Ecotoxicology of metal and metal oxide nanomaterials in the aquatic environment
  • 2010 DEFRA Microplastics in the marine environment
  • 2010 NERC/USEPA NanoBEE Modelling Nanoparticle Bioavailability, exposure and effects
  • 2010 British Heart Foundation CARDIS: Chemical exposure and risk of cardiovascular disease in adults
  • 2008 EA/DEFRA Development of tools and modelling approaches for assessing hazardous and radioactive substances in the environment
  • 2008 EPSRC DEFRA Industry Link Award PROSPECT ‘Ecotoxicology Test Protocols for Representative Nanomaterials in Support of the OECD Sponsorship Programme
  • 2008 EA/DEFRA Development of tools and modelling approaches for assessing hazardous and radioactive substances in the environment
  • 2008 European Union EcoRaid: Ecological Risk Assessment of Accidental Marine Pollution

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Journal articles

Duncan E, Arrowsmith JA, Bain CE, Bowdery H, Broderick A, Chalmers T, Fuller WJ, Galloway T, Lee JH, Lindeque PK, et al (In Press). Diet-related selectivity of macroplastic ingestion in green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in the eastern Mediterranean. Scientific Reports
Godley BJ, Galloway T, Parton K (In Press). Global review of shark and ray entanglement in anthropogenic marine debris. Endangered Species Research
Godley BJ, Witt MJ, Galloway TS, Nelms SE, Coombes C, Foster LC, Lindeque PK (In Press). Marine anthropogenic litter on British beaches: a 10-year nationwide assessment using citizen science data. Science of the Total Environment
Green C, Bilyanska A, Bradley M, Dinsdale J, Hutt L, Backhaus T, Boons F, Bott D, Collins C, Cornell SE, et al (2023). A Horizon Scan to Support Chemical Pollution-Related Policymaking for Sustainable and Climate-Resilient Economies. Environ Toxicol Chem, 42(6), 1212-1228. Abstract.  Author URL.
Oluwoye I, Machuca LL, Higgins S, Suh S, Galloway TS, Halley P, Tanaka S, Iannuzzi M (2023). Degradation and lifetime prediction of plastics in subsea and offshore infrastructures. Science of the Total Environment, 904 Abstract.
Boisseaux P, Hopkinson P, Santillo D, Smith C, Garmulewicz A, Powell Z, Galloway T (2023). Environmental safety of second and third generation bioplastics in the context of the circular economy. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 256 Abstract.  Author URL.
Porter A, Godbold JA, Lewis CN, Savage G, Solan M, Galloway TS (2023). Microplastic burden in marine benthic invertebrates depends on species traits and feeding ecology within biogeographical provinces. Nat Commun, 14(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Alava JJ, McMullen K, Jones J, Barragán-Paladines MJ, Hobbs C, Tirapé A, Calle P, Alarcón D, Muñoz-Pérez JP, Muñoz-Abril L, et al (2023). Multiple anthropogenic stressors in the Galápagos Islands' complex social-ecological system: Interactions of marine pollution, fishing pressure, and climate change with management recommendations. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 19(4), 870-895. Abstract.  Author URL.
Rowlands E, Galloway T, Cole M, Lewis C, Hacker C, Peck VL, Thorpe S, Blackbird S, Wolff GA, Manno C, et al (2023). Scoping intergenerational effects of nanoplastic on the lipid reserves of Antarctic krill embryos. Aquat Toxicol, 261 Abstract.  Author URL.
Clark NJ, Fischer AC, Durndell L, Galloway TS, Thompson RC (2023). Translocation of 14C-polystyrene nanoplastics into fish during a very-low concentration dietary exposure. Chemosphere, 341 Abstract.  Author URL.
Porter A, Barber D, Hobbs C, Love J, Power AL, Bakir A, Galloway TS, Lewis C (2023). Uptake of microplastics by marine worms depends on feeding mode and particle shape but not exposure time. Sci Total Environ, 857(Pt 1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Harley-Nyang D, Memon FA, Osorio Baquero A, Galloway T (2023). Variation in microplastic concentration, characteristics and distribution in sewage sludge & biosolids around the world. Sci Total Environ, 891 Abstract.  Author URL.
Rowlands E, Galloway T, Cole M, Peck VL, Posacka A, Thorpe S, Manno C (2023). Vertical flux of microplastic, a case study in the Southern Ocean, South Georgia. Mar Pollut Bull, 193 Abstract.  Author URL.
Burrows S, Olive R, O'Brien S, Galloway T (2022). Connection is key when there's no planet B: the need to innovate environmental science communication with transdisciplinary approaches. Science of the Total Environment, 853, 158435-158435.
Eales J, Bethel A, Galloway T, Hopkinson P, Morrissey K, Short RE, Garside R (2022). Human health impacts of exposure to phthalate plasticizers: an overview of reviews. Environ Int, 158 Abstract.  Author URL.
Thrift E, Porter A, Galloway TS, Coomber FG, Mathews F (2022). Ingestion of plastics by terrestrial small mammals. Sci Total Environ, 842 Abstract.  Author URL.
Harley-Nyang D, Memon FA, Jones N, Galloway T (2022). Investigation and analysis of microplastics in sewage sludge and biosolids: a case study from one wastewater treatment works in the UK. Science of the Total Environment, 823, 153735-153735.
Deng Y, Chen H, Huang Y, Zhang Y, Ren H, Fang M, Wang Q, Chen W, Hale RC, Galloway TS, et al (2022). Long-Term Exposure to Environmentally Relevant Doses of Large Polystyrene Microplastics Disturbs Lipid Homeostasis via Bowel Function Interference. Environ Sci Technol, 56(22), 15805-15817. Abstract.  Author URL.
Jones JS, Guézou A, Medor S, Nickson C, Savage G, Alarcón-Ruales D, Galloway TS, Muñoz-Pérez JP, Nelms SE, Porter A, et al (2022). Microplastic distribution and composition on two Galápagos island beaches, Ecuador: Verifying the use of citizen science derived data in long-term monitoring. Environmental Pollution, 311, 120011-120011.
Pinheiro LM, Britz LMK, Agostini VO, Pérez-Parada A, García-Rodríguez F, Galloway TS, Pinho GLL (2022). Salt marshes as the final watershed fate for meso- and microplastic contamination: a case study from Southern Brazil. Sci Total Environ, 838(Pt 2). Abstract.  Author URL.
Ribeiro F, Mitrano DM, Hacker C, Cherek P, Brigden K, Kaserzon SL, Thomas KV, Galloway TS (2022). Short Depuration of Oysters Intended for Human Consumption is Effective at Reducing Exposure to Nanoplastics. Environ Sci Technol, 56(23), 16716-16725. Abstract.  Author URL.
Burrows SD, Ribeiro F, O'Brien S, Okoffo E, Toapanta T, Charlton N, Kaserzon S, Lin CY, Tang C, Rauert C, et al (2022). The message on the bottle: Rethinking plastic labelling to better encourage sustainable use. Environmental Science and Policy, 132, 109-118. Abstract.
Rowlands E, Galloway T, Manno C (2021). A Polar outlook: Potential interactions of micro- and nano-plastic with other anthropogenic stressors. Science of the Total Environment, 754 Abstract.
Coppock RL, Lindeque PK, Cole M, Galloway TS, Näkki P, Birgani H, Richards S, Queirós AM (2021). Benthic fauna contribute to microplastic sequestration in coastal sediments. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 415 Abstract.
Wicaksono EA, Werorilangi S, Galloway TS, Tahir A (2021). Distribution and seasonal variation of microplastics in tallo river, makassar, eastern indonesia. Toxics, 9(6). Abstract.
Pinheiro LM, Carvalho IV, Agostini VO, Martinez-Souza G, Galloway TS, Pinho GLL (2021). Litter contamination at a salt marsh: an ecological niche for biofouling in South Brazil. Environmental Pollution, 285 Abstract.
Colvin KA, Parkerton TF, Redman AD, Lewis C, Galloway TS (2021). Miniaturised marine tests as indicators of aromatic hydrocarbon toxicity: Potential applicability to oil spill assessment. Mar Pollut Bull, 165 Abstract.  Author URL.
Ribeiro F, Okoffo ED, O'Brien JW, O'Brien S, Harris JM, Samanipour S, Kaserzon S, Mueller JF, Galloway T, Thomas KV, et al (2021). Out of sight but not out of mind: Size fractionation of plastics bioaccumulated by field deployed oysters. Journal of Hazardous Materials Letters, 2 Abstract.
Duncan EM, Broderick AC, Critchell K, Galloway TS, Hamann M, Limpus CJ, Lindeque PK, Santillo D, Tucker AD, Whiting S, et al (2021). Plastic Pollution and Small Juvenile Marine Turtles: a Potential Evolutionary Trap. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, 8  Author URL.
Jones JS, Porter A, Muñoz-Pérez JP, Alarcón-Ruales D, Galloway TS, Godley BJ, Santillo D, Vagg J, Lewis C (2021). Plastic contamination of a Galapagos Island (Ecuador) and the relative risks to native marine species. Science of the Total Environment, 789 Abstract.
Jones-Williams K, Galloway TS, Peck VL, Manno C (2021). Remote, but Not Isolated-Microplastics in the Sub-surface Waters of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, 8  Author URL.
Rowlands E, Galloway T, Cole M, Lewis C, Peck V, Thorpe S, Manno C (2021). The Effects of Combined Ocean Acidification and Nanoplastic Exposures on the Embryonic Development of Antarctic Krill. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, 8  Author URL.
Lindeque PK, Cole M, Coppock RL, Lewis CN, Miller RZ, Watts AJR, Wilson-McNeal A, Wright SL, Galloway TS (2020). Are we underestimating microplastic abundance in the marine environment? a comparison of microplastic capture with nets of different mesh-size. Environmental Pollution, 265 Abstract.
Jones-Williams K, Galloway T, Cole M, Stowasser G, Waluda C, Manno C (2020). Close encounters - microplastic availability to pelagic amphipods in sub-antarctic and antarctic surface waters. Environ Int, 140 Abstract.  Author URL.
Ribeiro F, Okoffo ED, O'Brien JW, Fraissinet-Tachet S, O'Brien S, Gallen M, Samanipour S, Kaserzon S, Mueller JF, Galloway T, et al (2020). Correction to Quantitative Analysis of Selected Plastics in High-Commercial-Value Australian Seafood by Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry. Environ Sci Technol, 54(20).  Author URL.
Colvin KA, Lewis C, Galloway TS (2020). Current issues confounding the rapid toxicological assessment of oil spills. Chemosphere, 245 Abstract.  Author URL.
Burrows SD, Frustaci S, Thomas KV, Galloway T (2020). Expanding exploration of dynamic microplastic surface characteristics and interactions. TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 130 Abstract.
Parton KJ, Godley BJ, Santillo D, Tausif M, Omeyer LCM, Galloway TS (2020). Investigating the presence of microplastics in demersal sharks of the North-East Atlantic. Sci Rep, 10(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Cole M, Liddle C, Consolandi G, Drago C, Hird C, Lindeque PK, Galloway TS (2020). Microplastics, microfibres and nanoplastics cause variable sub-lethal responses in mussels (Mytilus spp.). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 160 Abstract.
Feng L-J, Sun X-D, Zhu F-P, Feng Y, Duan J-L, Xiao F, Li X-Y, Shi Y, Wang Q, Sun J-W, et al (2020). Nanoplastics Promote Microcystin Synthesis and Release from Cyanobacterial Microcystis aeruginosa. Environ Sci Technol, 54(6), 3386-3394. Abstract.  Author URL.
Jones J, Porter A, Muñoz-Pérez J, Alarcón-Ruales D, Galloway T, Godley B, Santillo D, Vagg J, Lewis C (2020). Plastic contamination of the Galapagos marine food web and the relative risks to native species. Abstract.
Ribeiro F, Okoffo ED, O'Brien JW, Fraissinet-Tachet S, O'Brien S, Gallen M, Samanipour S, Kaserzon S, Mueller JF, Galloway T, et al (2020). Quantitative Analysis of Selected Plastics in High-Commercial-Value Australian Seafood by Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry. Environ Sci Technol, 54(15), 9408-9417. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ribeiro F, Okoffo ED, O'Brien JW, Fraissinet-Tachet S, O'Brien S, Gallen M, Samanipour S, Kaserzon S, Mueller JF, Galloway T, et al (2020). Response to Comment on "Quantitative Analysis of Selected Plastics in High-Commercial-Value Australian Seafood by Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry". Environ Sci Technol, 54(23), 15556-15557.  Author URL.
Galloway T, Haward M, Mason SA, Babayemi JO, Hardesty BD, Krause S, Lamb J, Hinojosa IA, Horton A (2020). Science-Based Solutions to Plastic Pollution. ONE EARTH, 2(1), 5-7.  Author URL.
Ribeiro F, O'Brien JW, Galloway T, Thomas KV (2019). Accumulation and fate of nano- and micro-plastics and associated contaminants in organisms. TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 111, 139-147. Abstract.
Cole M, Coppock R, Lindeque PK, Altin D, Reed S, Pond DW, Sørensen L, Galloway TS, Booth AM (2019). Effects of Nylon Microplastic on Feeding, Lipid Accumulation, and Moulting in a Coldwater Copepod. Environ Sci Technol, 53(12), 7075-7082. Abstract.  Author URL.
Duncan EM, Broderick AC, Fuller WJ, Galloway TS, Godfrey MH, Hamann M, Limpus CJ, Lindeque PK, Mayes AG, Omeyer LCM, et al (2019). Microplastic ingestion ubiquitous in marine turtles. Glob Chang Biol, 25(2), 744-752. Abstract.  Author URL.
Coppock RL, Galloway TS, Cole M, Fileman ES, Queirós AM, Lindeque PK (2019). Microplastics alter feeding selectivity and faecal density in the copepod, Calanus helgolandicus. Science of the Total Environment, 687, 780-789. Abstract.
Nelms SE, Barnett J, Brownlow A, Davison NJ, Deaville R, Galloway TS, Lindeque PK, Santillo D, Godley BJ (2019). Microplastics in marine mammals stranded around the British coast: ubiquitous but transitory?. Scientific Reports, 9(1). Abstract.
Cross RK, Tyler CR, Galloway TS (2019). The fate of cerium oxide nanoparticles in sediments and their routes of uptake in a freshwater worm. Nanotoxicology, 13(7), 894-908. Abstract.
Maximenko N, Corradi P, Law KL, Sebille EV, Garaba SP, Lampitt RS, Galgani F, Martinez-Vicente V, Goddijn-Murphy L, Veiga JM, et al (2019). Towards the integrated marine debris observing system. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(JUL). Abstract.
Nelms SE, Parry HE, Bennett KA, Galloway TS, Godley BJ, Santillo D, Lindeque PK (2019). What goes in, must come out: Combining scat-based molecular diet analysis and quantification of ingested microplastics in a marine top predator. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 10(10), 1712-1722. Abstract.
Galloway T, Baglin N, Harries LW, Lee BP, Kocur AL, Shepherd M, Steele A, BPA Schools Study Consortium (2018). An engaged research study to assess the effect of a ‘real-world’ dietary intervention on urinary bisphenol a (BPA) levels in teenagers. BMJ Open, 8, e018742-e018742.
Noventa S, Hacker C, Rowe D, Elgy C, Galloway T (2018). Dissolution and bandgap paradigms for predicting the toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles in the marine environment: an in vivo study with oyster embryos. Nanotoxicology, 12(1), 63-78. Abstract.  Author URL.
Noventa S, Hacker C, Correia A, Drago C, Galloway T (2018). Gold nanoparticles ingested by oyster larvae are internalized by cells through an alimentary endocytic pathway. Nanotoxicology, 12(8), 901-913. Abstract.  Author URL.
Nelms SE, Galloway TS, Godley BJ, Jarvis DS, Lindeque PK (2018). Investigating microplastic trophic transfer in marine top predators. Environmental Pollution, 238, 999-1007. Abstract.
Noventa S, Rowe D, Galloway T (2018). Mitigating effect of organic matter on the in vivo toxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles in the marine environment. Environmental Science: Nano, 5(7), 1764-1777. Abstract.
Dogra Y, Scarlett AG, Rowe D, Galloway TS, Rowland SJ (2018). Predicted and measured acute toxicity and developmental abnormalities in zebrafish embryos produced by exposure to individual aromatic acids. Chemosphere, 205, 98-107. Abstract.  Author URL.
Porter A, Lyons BP, Galloway TS, Lewis C (2018). Role of Marine Snows in Microplastic Fate and Bioavailability. Environ Sci Technol, 52(12), 7111-7119. Abstract.  Author URL.
Duncan EM, Botterell ZLR, Broderick AC, Galloway TS, Lindeque PK, Nuno A, Godley BJ (2017). A global review of marine turtle entanglement in anthropogenic debris: a baseline for further action. ENDANGERED SPECIES RESEARCH, 34, 431-448.  Author URL.
Coppock RL, Cole M, Lindeque PK, Queirós AM, Galloway TS (2017). A small-scale, portable method for extracting microplastics from marine sediments. Environmental Pollution, 230, 829-837. Abstract.
Vogeler S, Galloway TS, Isupov M, Bean TP (2017). Cloning retinoid and peroxisome proliferator-activated nuclear receptors of the Pacific oyster and in silico binding to environmental chemicals. PLoS One, 12(4). Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, Dogra Y, Garrett N, Rowe D, Tyler CR, Moger J, Lammer E, Landsiedel R, Sauer UG, Scherer G, et al (2017). Ecotoxicological assessment of nanoparticle-containing acrylic copolymer dispersions in fairy shrimp and zebrafish embryos. Environmental Science: Nano, 4(10), 1981-1997. Abstract.
Campbell AL, Ellis RP, Urbina MA, Mourabit S, Galloway TS, Lewis C (2017). Impacts of ocean acidification on sperm develop with exposure time for a polychaete with long lived sperm. Mar Environ Res, 129, 268-276. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, Cole M, lewis C (2017). Interactions of microplastics throughout the marine ecosystem. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1
Galloway T, Lewis C (2017). Marine microplastics. Curr Biol, 27(11), R445-R446. Abstract.  Author URL.
Miller RZ, Watts AJR, Winslow BO, Galloway TS, Barrows APW (2017). Mountains to the sea: River study of plastic and non-plastic microfiber pollution in the northeast USA. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 124(1), 245-251. Abstract.
Karami A, Golieskardi A, Keong Choo C, Larat V, Galloway TS, Salamatinia B (2017). The presence of microplastics in commercial salts from different countries. Scientific Reports, 7 Abstract.
Karami A, Golieskardi A, Keong Choo C, Larat V, Galloway TS, Salamatinia B (2017). The presence of microplastics in commercial salts from different countries. Sci Rep, 7 Abstract.  Author URL.
Watts AJR, Porter A, Hembrow N, Sharpe J, Galloway TS, Lewis C (2017). Through the sands of time: Beach litter trends from nine cleaned north cornish beaches. Environ Pollut, 228, 416-424. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dogra Y, Arkill KP, Elgy C, Stolpe B, Lead J, Valsami-Jones E, Tyler CR, Galloway TS (2016). Cerium oxide nanoparticles induce oxidative stress in the sediment-dwelling amphipod Corophium volutator. Nanotoxicology, 10(4), 480-487. Abstract.  Author URL.
Vogeler S, Bean TP, Lyons BP, Galloway TS (2016). Dynamics of nuclear receptor gene expression during Pacific oyster development. BMC Dev Biol, 16(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Watts AW, Mauricio A. Urbina MU, Goodhead RG, Moger JJ, Lewis CL, Galloway TG (2016). Effect of microplastic on the gills of the Shore Crab Carcinus maenas. Environmental Science and Technology (Washington) Abstract.
Hird CM, Urbina MA, Lewis CN, Snape JR, Galloway TS (2016). Fluoxetine Exhibits Pharmacological Effects and Trait-Based Sensitivity in a Marine Worm. Environ Sci Technol, 50(15), 8344-8352. Abstract.  Author URL.
Clark JR, Cole M, Lindeque PK, Fileman E, Blackford J, Lewis C, Lenton TM, Galloway TS (2016). Marine microplastic debris: a targeted plan for understanding and quantifying interactions with marine life. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14, 317-324.
Galloway TS, Lewis CN (2016). Marine microplastics spell big problems for future generations. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 113(9), 2331-2333.  Author URL.
Cole M, Lindeque PK, Fileman E, Clark J, Lewis C, Halsband C, Galloway TS (2016). Microplastics Alter the Properties and Sinking Rates of Zooplankton Faecal Pellets. Environmental science & technology, 50(6), 3239-3246. Abstract.
Nelms SE, Duncan EM, Broderick AC, Galloway TS, Godfrey MH, Hamann M, Lindeque PK, Godley BJ (2016). Plastic and marine turtles: a review and call for research. ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE, 73(2), 165-181.  Author URL.
Karami A, Romano N, Galloway T, Hamzah H (2016). Virgin microplastics cause toxicity and modulate the impacts of phenanthrene on biomarker responses in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Environ Res, 151, 58-70. Abstract.  Author URL.
Song L, Vijver MG, Peijnenburg WJGM, Galloway TS, Tyler CR (2015). A comparative analysis on the in vivo toxicity of copper nanoparticles in three species of freshwater fish. Chemosphere, 139, 181-189. Abstract.  Author URL.
Rancière F, Lyons JG, Loh VHY, Botton J, Galloway T, Wang T, Shaw JE, Magliano DJ (2015). Bisphenol a and the risk of cardiometabolic disorders: a systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence. Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source, 14(1). Abstract.
Rancière F, Lyons JG, Loh VHY, Botton J, Galloway T, Wang T, Shaw JE, Magliano DJ (2015). Bisphenol a and the risk of cardiometabolic disorders: a systematic review with meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence. Environ Health, 14 Abstract.  Author URL.
Cole M, Galloway TS (2015). Ingestion of Nanoplastics and Microplastics by Pacific Oyster Larvae. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 49(24), 14625-14632.  Author URL.
Watts AJR, Urbina MA, Corr S, Lewis C, Galloway TS (2015). Ingestion of Plastic Microfibers by the Crab Carcinus maenas and its Effect on Food Consumption and Energy Balance. Environ Sci Technol, 49(24), 14597-14604. Abstract.  Author URL.
Browne MA, Dissanayake A, Galloway TS (2015). Organophosphorous biocides reduce tenacity and cellular viability but not esterase activities in a non-target prosobranch (limpet). Environmental Pollution, 203, 208-213. Abstract.
Galloway TS, Fletcher T, Thomas OJ, Lee BP, Pilling LC, Harries LW (2015). PFOA and PFOS are associated with reduced expression of the parathyroid hormone 2 receptor (PTH2R) gene in women. Chemosphere, 120, 555-562. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cole M, Lindeque P, Fileman E, Halsband C, Galloway TS (2015). The impact of polystyrene microplastics on feeding, function and fecundity in the marine copepod Calanus helgolandicus. Environ Sci Technol, 49(2), 1130-1137. Abstract.  Author URL.
Goodhead RM, Moger J, Galloway TS, Tyler CR (2015). Tracing engineered nanomaterials in biological tissues using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy - a critical review. Nanotoxicology, 9(7), 928-939. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cipelli R, Harries L, Okuda K, Yoshihara S, Melzer D, Galloway T (2014). Bisphenol a modulates the metabolic regulator oestrogen-related receptor-α in T-cells. Reproduction, 147(4), 419-426. Abstract.  Author URL.
Adams JA, Galloway TS, Mondal D, Esteves SC, Mathews F (2014). Effect of mobile telephones on sperm quality: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Environ Int, 70, 106-112. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mondal D, Galloway T, Bailey TC, Mathews F (2014). Elevated risk of stillbirth in males: systematic review and meta-analysis of more than 30 million births. BMC Medicine, 12
Baker TJ, Tyler CR, Galloway TS (2014). Impacts of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles on marine organisms. Environmental Pollution, 186, 257-271. Abstract.
Baker TJ, Tyler CR, Galloway TS (2014). Impacts of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles on marine organisms. Environ Pollut, 186, 257-271. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cole M, Webb H, Lindeque PK, Fileman ES, Halsband C, Galloway TS (2014). Isolation of microplastics in biota-rich seawater samples and marine organisms. Sci Rep, 4 Abstract.  Author URL.
Vogeler S, Galloway TS, Lyons BP, Bean TP (2014). The nuclear receptor gene family in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, contains a novel subfamily group. BMC Genomics, 15(1). Abstract.
Vogeler S, Galloway TS, Lyons BP, Bean TP (2014). The nuclear receptor gene family in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, contains a novel subfamily group. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 369-369.
McQuillan JS, Kille P, Powell K, Galloway TS (2014). The regulation of copper stress response genes in the polychaete Nereis diversicolor during prolonged extreme copper contamination. Environ Sci Technol, 48(22), 13085-13092. Abstract.  Author URL.
Watts AJR, Lewis C, Goodhead RM, Beckett SJ, Moger J, Tyler CR, Galloway TS (2014). Uptake and retention of microplastics by the shore crab Carcinus maenas. Environ Sci Technol, 48(15), 8823-8830. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fletcher T, Galloway TS, Melzer D, Holcroft P, Cipelli R, Pilling LC, Mondal D, Luster M, Harries LW (2013). Associations between PFOA, PFOS and changes in the expression of genes involved in cholesterol metabolism in humans. Environ Int, 57-58, 2-10. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tyrrell J, Melzer D, Henley W, Galloway TS, Osborne NJ (2013). Associations between socioeconomic status and environmental toxicant concentrations in adults in the USA: NHANES 2001-2010. Environ Int, 59, 328-335. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tyrrell J, Galloway TS, Abo-Zaid G, Melzer D, Depledge MH, Osborne NJ (2013). High urinary tungsten concentration is associated with stroke in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2010. PLoS One, 8(11). Abstract.  Author URL.
Cole MJ, Galloway T (2013). Ingestion of microplastics by zooplankton. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 6646-6655. Abstract.
Cole M, Lindeque P, Fileman E, Halsband C, Goodhead R, Moger J, Galloway TS (2013). Microplastic ingestion by zooplankton. Environ Sci Technol, 47(12), 6646-6655. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wright SL, Rowe D, Thompson RC, Galloway TS (2013). Microplastic ingestion decreases energy reserves in marine worms. Curr Biol, 23(23), R1031-R1033. Abstract.  Author URL.
Browne MA, Niven SJ, Galloway TS, Rowland SJ, Thompson RC (2013). Microplastic moves pollutants and additives to worms, reducing functions linked to health and biodiversity. Curr Biol, 23(23), 2388-2392. Abstract.  Author URL.
Wright SL, Thompson RC, Galloway TS (2013). The physical impacts of microplastics on marine organisms: a review. Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 178, 483-492. Abstract.
Wright SL, Thompson RC, Galloway TS (2013). The physical impacts of microplastics on marine organisms: a review. Environ Pollut, 178, 483-492. Abstract.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Gates P, Osborn NJ, Henley WE, Cipelli R, Young A, Money C, McCormack P, Schofield P, Mosedale D, et al (2012). Correction: Urinary Bisphenol a Concentration and Angiography-Defined Coronary Artery Stenosis. PLoS One, 7(11). Abstract.  Author URL.
Scarlett AG, West CE, Jones D, Galloway TS, Rowland SJ (2012). Predicted toxicity of naphthenic acids present in oil sands process-affected waters to a range of environmental and human endpoints. Sci Total Environ, 425, 119-127. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fabrega J, Tantra R, Amer A, Stolpe B, Tomkins J, Fry T, Lead JR, Tyler CR, Galloway TS (2012). Sequestration of zinc from zinc oxide nanoparticles and life cycle effects in the sediment dweller amphipod Corophium volutator. Environ Sci Technol, 46(2), 1128-1135. Abstract.  Author URL.
Larner F, Dogra Y, Dybowska A, Fabrega J, Stolpe B, Bridgestock LJ, Goodhead R, Weiss DJ, Moger J, Lead JR, et al (2012). Tracing bioavailability of ZnO nanoparticles using stable isotope labeling. Environ Sci Technol, 46(21), 12137-12145. Abstract.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Osborne NJ, Henley WE, Cipelli R, Young A, Money C, McCormack P, Luben R, Khaw K-T, Wareham NJ, et al (2012). Urinary bisphenol a concentration and risk of future coronary artery disease in apparently healthy men and women. Circulation, 125(12), 1482-1490. Abstract.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Gates P, Osborne NJ, Henley WE, Cipelli R, Young A, Money C, McCormack P, Schofield P, Mosedale D, et al (2012). Urinary bisphenol a concentration and angiography-defined coronary artery stenosis. PLoS One, 7(8). Abstract.  Author URL.
Browne MA, Crump P, Niven SJ, Teuten E, Tonkin A, Galloway T, Thompson R (2011). Accumulation of microplastic on shorelines woldwide: sources and sinks. Environ Sci Technol, 45(21), 9175-9179. Abstract.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Galloway T (2011). Bisphenol a and adult disease: making sense of fragmentary data and competing inferences. Ann Intern Med, 155(6), 392-394.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Harries L, Cipelli R, Henley W, Money C, McCormack P, Young A, Guralnik J, Ferrucci L, Bandinelli S, et al (2011). Bisphenol a exposure is associated with in vivo estrogenic gene expression in adults. Environ Health Perspect, 119(12), 1788-1793. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cole M, Lindeque P, Halsband C, Galloway TS (2011). Microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment: a review. Mar Pollut Bull, 62(12), 2588-2597. Abstract.  Author URL.
Noventa S, Pavoni B, Galloway TS (2011). Periwinkle (Littorina littorea) as a sentinel species: a field study integrating chemical and biological analyses. Environ Sci Technol, 45(7), 2634-2640. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dissanayake A, Galloway TS, Jones MB (2011). Seasonal differences in the physiology of Carcinus maenas (Crustacea: Decapoda) from estuaries with varying levels of anthropogenic contamination. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 93(4), 320-327. Abstract.
Fabrega J, Luoma SN, Tyler CR, Galloway TS, Lead JR (2011). Silver nanoparticles: behaviour and effects in the aquatic environment. Environ Int, 37(2), 517-531. Abstract.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Rice N, Depledge MH, Henley WE, Galloway TS (2010). Association between serum perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and thyroid disease in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Environ Health Perspect, 118(5), 686-692. Abstract.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Rice NE, Lewis C, Henley WE, Galloway TS (2010). Association of urinary bisphenol a concentration with heart disease: evidence from NHANES 2003/06. PLoS One, 5(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Galloway T (2010). Burden of proof. NEW SCIENTIST, 208(2783), 26-27.  Author URL.
Frenzel M, Scarlett A, Rowland SJ, Galloway TS, Burton SK, Lappin-Scott HM, Booth AM (2010). Complications with remediation strategies involving the biodegradation and detoxification of recalcitrant contaminant aromatic hydrocarbons. Sci Total Environ, 408(19), 4093-4101. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway T, Cipelli R, Guralnik J, Ferrucci L, Bandinelli S, Corsi AM, Money C, McCormack P, Melzer D (2010). Daily bisphenol a excretion and associations with sex hormone concentrations: results from the InCHIANTI adult population study. Environ Health Perspect, 118(11), 1603-1608. Abstract.  Author URL.
Hannam ML, Bamber SD, Galloway TS, John Moody A, Jones MB (2010). Effects of the model PAH phenanthrene on immune function and oxidative stress in the haemolymph of the temperate scallop Pecten maximus. Chemosphere, 78(7), 779-784. Abstract.  Author URL.
Hannam ML, Bamber SD, Galloway TS, John Moody A, Jones MB (2010). Functional immune response in Pecten maximus: combined effects of a pathogen-associated molecular pattern and PAH exposure. Fish Shellfish Immunol, 28(1), 249-252. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lewis C, Guitart C, Pook C, Scarlett A, Readman J, Galloway T (2010). INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF OIL POLLUTION USING BIOLOGICAL MONITORING AND CHEMICAL FINGERPRINTING. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 29(6), 1358-1366.
Hannam ML, Bamber SD, Moody AJ, Galloway TS, Jones MB (2010). Immunotoxicity and oxidative stress in the Arctic scallop Chlamys islandica: effects of acute oil exposure. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 73(6), 1440-1448. Abstract.  Author URL.
Browne MA, Galloway TS, Thompson RC (2010). Spatial patterns of plastic debris along Estuarine shorelines. Environ Sci Technol, 44(9), 3404-3409. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lewis C, Galloway T (2010). Sperm toxicity and the reproductive ecology of marine invertebrates. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 6(1), 188-190.  Author URL.
Galloway T, Lewis C, Dolciotti I, Johnston BD, Moger J, Regoli F (2010). Sublethal toxicity of nano-titanium dioxide and carbon nanotubes in a sediment dwelling marine polychaete. Environ Pollut, 158(5), 1748-1755. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bouskill NJ, Barker-Finkel J, Galloway TS, Handy RD, Ford TE (2010). Temporal bacterial diversity associated with metal-contaminated river sediments. Ecotoxicology, 19(2), 317-328. Abstract.  Author URL.
Hagger JA, Lowe D, Dissanayake A, Jones MB, Galloway TS (2010). The influence of seasonality on biomarker responses in Mytilus edulis. Ecotoxicology, 19(5), 953-962. Abstract.  Author URL.
Sheir SK, Handy RD, Galloway TS (2010). Tissue injury and cellular immune responses to mercuric chloride exposure in the common mussel Mytilus edulis: modulation by lipopolysaccharide. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf, 73(6), 1338-1344. Abstract.  Author URL.
Morales-Caselles C, Lewis C, Riba I, Delvalls TA, Galloway T (2009). A multibiomarker approach using the polychaete Arenicola marina to assess oil-contaminated sediments. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 16(6), 618-629. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lang IA, Scarlett A, Guralnik JM, Depledge MH, Melzer D, Galloway TS (2009). Age-related impairments of mobility associated with cobalt and other heavy metals: Data from NHANES 1999-2004. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues, 72(6), 402-409. Abstract.
Hagger JA, Galloway TS, Langston WJ, Jones MB (2009). Application of biomarkers to assess the condition of European Marine Sites. Environ Pollut, 157(7), 2003-2010. Abstract.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Lang IA, Galloway TS (2009). Association of Bisphenol a with Diabetes and Other Abnormalities Reply. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 301(7), 721-722.  Author URL.
Scarlett A, Dissanayake A, Rowland SJ, Galloway TS (2009). Behavioral, physiological, and cellular responses following trophic transfer of toxic monoaromatic hydrocarbons. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 28(2), 381-387. Abstract.
Hannam ML, Bamber SD, Moody JA, Galloway TS, Jones MB (2009). Immune function in the Arctic Scallop, Chlamys islandica, following dispersed oil exposure. Aquat Toxicol, 92(3), 187-194. Abstract.  Author URL.
Hannam ML, Bamber SD, Sundt RC, Galloway TS (2009). Immune modulation in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis exposed to North Sea produced water. Environ Pollut, 157(6), 1939-1944. Abstract.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Lang IA, Galloway TS (2009). In reply. JAMA, 301(7), 721-722.
Lewis C, Beggah S, Pook C, Guitart C, Redshaw C, van der Meer JR, Readman JW, Galloway T (2009). Novel use of a whole cell E. coli bioreporter as a urinary exposure biomarker. Environ Sci Technol, 43(2), 423-428. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dissanayake A, Galloway TS, Jones MB (2009). Physiological condition and intraspecific agonistic behaviour in Carcinus maenas (Crustacea: Decapoda). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 375(1-2), 57-63. Abstract.
Lewis C, Galloway T (2009). Reproductive consequences of paternal genotoxin exposure in marine invertebrates. Environ Sci Technol, 43(3), 928-933. Abstract.  Author URL.
Pook C, Lewis C, Galloway T (2009). The metabolic and fitness costs associated with metal resistance in Nereis diversicolor. Mar Pollut Bull, 58(7), 1063-1071. Abstract.  Author URL.
Teuten EL, Saquing JM, Knappe DRU, Barlaz MA, Jonsson S, Björn A, Rowland SJ, Thompson RC, Galloway TS, Yamashita R, et al (2009). Transport and release of chemicals from plastics to the environment and to wildlife. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364(1526), 2027-2045. Abstract.
Jones, M.B. Leonard, P. Owen, R. (2008). Application of biomarkers for improving risk assessments of chemicals under the Water Framework Directive: a case study. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56, 1111-1118.
Galloway, T.S. Scarlett, A. Henley, W. (2008). Association of urinary bisphenol a concentration with medical disorders and laboratory abnormalities in adults (accompanying editorial JAMA. 2008;300(11):1353-1355.pp). Journal of the American Medical Association, 300, 1303-1310.  Author URL.
Owen RJ, Depledge MH, Hagger JA, Jones MB, Galloway TS (2008). Biomarkers and environmental risk assessment: Guiding principles from the human health field. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56(4), 613-619.
Galloway, T.S. Hagger, J.A. Jones, M.B. (2008). Biomarkers and environmental risk assessment: guiding principles from the human health field. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56, 613-619.
Hannam ML, Hagger JA, Jones MB, Galloway TS (2008). Characterisation of esterases as potential biomarkers of pesticide exposure in the lugworm Arenicola marina (Annelida: Polychaeta). Environ Pollut, 152(2), 342-350. Abstract.  Author URL.
Rowland, S. Galloway, T.S. Lewis, A. (2008). Chronic sublethal effects associated with branched alkylbenzenes bioaccumulated by mussels. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 27, 561-567.
Bentley, M. Galloway, T.S. (2008). Effects of 4-nonylphenol on the endocrine system of the shore crab, <em>Carcinus maenas</em>. Environmental Toxicology, 23, 309-318.
Lewis C, Galloway, T.S. (2008). Genotoxic damage. in polychaetes: a study of species and cell-type sensitivities. Mutation Research-Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, 654, 69-75.
Browne MA, Dissanayake A, Galloway TS, Lowe DM, Thompson RC (2008). Ingested microscopic plastic translocates to the circulatory system of the mussel, Mytilus edulis (L.). Environmental Science and Technology, 42(13), 5026-5031. Abstract.
Galloway, T.S. Jones, M.B. (2008). Nutritional status of <em>Carcinus maenas</em> (Crustacea: decapoda) influences susceptibility to contaminant exposure. Aquatic Toxicology, 89, 40-46.
Galloway, T.S. Jones, M.H. (2008). Physiological responses of juvenile and adult shore crabs <em>Carcinuns maenas</em> (Crustacea: decapoda) to pyrene exposure. Marine Environmental Research, 66, 445-450.
Lewis C, Pook C, Galloway T (2008). Reproductive toxicity of the water accommodated fraction (WAF) of crude oil in the polychaetes Arenicola marina (L.) and Nereis virens (Sars). Aquat Toxicol, 90(1), 73-81. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dissanayake A, Worsey T, Jones M, Galloway T (2007). A multidisciplinary approach to evaluating physiological condition and intra-specific behaviour in the shore crab <i>Carcinus maenas</i> (Crustacea: Decapoda). COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY A-MOLECULAR & INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 146(4), S76-S76.  Author URL.
Scarlett A, Canty, M.N. Smith, E.L. Rowland, S. (2007). Can amphipod behaviour help to predict chronic toxicity of sediments?. Human and Ecology Risk Assessment, 13, 506-518.
Scarlett A, Galloway, T.S. Rowland, S.J. (2007). Chronic toxicity of unresolved complex mixtures (UCM) of hydrocarbons in marine sediments. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 7, 200-206.
Filby AL, Neuparth T, Thorpe KL, Owen R, Galloway TS, Tyler CR (2007). Health impacts of estrogens in the environment, considering complex mixture effects. Environ Health Perspect, 115(12), 1704-1710. Abstract.  Author URL.
Liber K, Goodfellow W, den Besten P, Clements W, Galloway T, Gerhardt A, Green A, Simpson S (2007). In situ-based effects measures: considerations for improving methods and approaches. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 3(2), 246-258. Abstract.  Author URL.
Scarlett A, Rowland, S.J. Canty, M. Smith, E.L. (2007). Method for assessing chronic toxicity of marine and estuarine sediment-associated contaminants using the amphipod <em>Corophium volutator</em>. Marine Environmental Research, 63, 457-470.
Browne MA, Galloway T, Thompson R (2007). Microplastic--an emerging contaminant of potential concern?. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 3(4), 559-561.  Author URL.
Galloway, T.S. (2007). Plastic bottles and moral codes. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56, 163-165.
Rowland, S. Galloway, T.S. Thompson, R.C. (2007). Potential for plastics to transport hydrophobic contaminants. Environmental Science and Technology  Author URL.
Barnhart, E.P. Galloway, T.S. Handy, R.D. (2007). Quantification of different <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em> Sod A, HTP X and Mt gene abundance in response to trace metal toxicity, a potential in situ biomarker of environmental health. FEMS Microbiology, 60, 276-286.
Canty MN, Hagger JA, Moore RTB, Cooper L, Galloway TS (2007). Sublethal impact of short term exposure to the organophosphate pesticide azamethiphos in the marine mollusc Mytilus edulis. Mar Pollut Bull, 54(4), 396-402. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cheung VV, Simpson P, Knight AW, Cahill PA, Charles AK, Depledge MH, Owen R, Galloway TS (2006). A comparison of prokaryotic, eukaryotic, cytogenetic and direct toxicity assays to evaluate the toxicity of industrial effluents. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 62, S307-S308.  Author URL.
Hagger JA, Jones MB, Leonard DRP, Owen R, Galloway TS (2006). Biomarkers and integrated environmental risk assessment: are there more questions than answers?. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 2(4), 312-329. Abstract.  Author URL.
Bouskill N, Handy R, Galloway T, Ford T (2006). Development and application of microbial molecular biomarkers for assessing trace metal contamination. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 62, S366-S367.  Author URL.
Ford, T.E. Handy, R.D. Galloway, T.S. (2006). Differentiating copper and arsenic toxicity using biochemical biomarkers in <em>Asellus aquaticus</em> and <em>Dreissena polymorpha</em>. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 65, 342-349.
Dissanayake A, Jones MB, Galloway TS (2006). Does size really matter an evaluation of ontogenetic differences in the biomarker responses of <i>Carcinus maenas</i> (L.) to a priority pollutant. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 62, S400-S401.  Author URL.
Elliott, M. Fountain, M. Galloway, T.S. (2006). European environmental management: Moving to an ecosystem approach. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 2, 80-85.
Liney KE, Hagger JA, Tyler CR, Depledge MH, Galloway TS, Jobling S (2006). Health effects in fish of long-term exposure to effluents from wastewater treatment works. Environ Health Perspect, 114 Suppl 1(Suppl 1), 81-89. Abstract.  Author URL.
Hagger, J. Tyler, C. Depledge, M.H. (2006). Integrated health effects in roach of exposure to sewage effluents. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114, 81-89.
DePledge M, Hagger J, Jobling S, Oehlmann J (2006). Is there a causal association between genotoxicity and the imposex effect?. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114, 20-26.
Brown, R.J. Dissanayake, A. Browne, M.A. (2006). The ECOMAN project: a novel approach to sustainable ecosystem function. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 53, 186-194.
Scally, G. (2006). The new marine green? Sustainability and health issues for coastal communities. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52, 989-992.
Mitchelmore, C. Woodley, C. Trapido-Rosenthal, H. (2005). A common sense approach for confronting coral reef decline associated with human activities. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 51, 481-485.
Scarlett A, Galloway TS, Canty M, Smith EL, Nilsson J, Rowland SJ (2005). Comparative toxicity of two oil dispersants, superdispersant-25 and corexit 9527, to a range of coastal species. Environ Toxicol Chem, 24(5), 1219-1227. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway, T.S. Wilkin, T.J. (2005). Developments in the prediction of type 1 diabetes mellitus, with special reference to insulin autoantibodies. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 21, 395-415.
Galloway, T.S. Horton, S.J. Wilkin, T.J. (2005). Distinct idiotypes of insulin autoantibody in autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2 and childhood onset type 1 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 89, 5266-5270.
Depledge MH, Galloway TS (2005). Healthy animals, healthy ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 3(5), 251-258. Abstract.
Prowse G, Galloway, T.S. Foggo, A. (2005). Insecticidal activity of garlic juice in two dipterian pests. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 7, 1-6.
Jay, J. Patel, A. Kile, M. (2005). Microbial biomarkers of contaminant stress: their future as monitoring tools. Environmental Health Perspectives, 113, 186-191.
Hagger JA, Depledge MH, Galloway TS (2005). Toxicity of tributyltin in the marine mollusc Mytilus edulis. Mar Pollut Bull, 51(8-12), 811-816. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, Brown RJ, Browne MA, Dissanayake A, Lowe D, Jones MB, Depledge MH (2004). A multibiomarker approach to environmental assessment. Environ Sci Technol, 38(6), 1723-1731. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway, T.S. (2004). Acetylcholinesterase as a biomarker of effect: a study of the mussel <em>Mytilus edulis</em> exposed to the priority pollutant Chlorfenvinphos. Aquatic Toxicology, 67, 45-56.
Stewart-Tull, DES, Bleakley CR & Galloway TS (2004). Characteristics of <em>Vibrio cholerae</em> proteinases: potential candidate vaccine immunogens. Vaccine, 22, 3026-3034.
Watson GM, Andersen OK, Depledge MH, Galloway TS (2004). Detecting a field gradient of PAH exposure in decapod crustacea using a novel urinary biomarker. Marine Environmental Research, 58(2-5), 257-261. Abstract.
Brown RJ, Galloway TS, Lowe D, Browne MA, Dissanayake A, Jones MB, Depledge MH (2004). Differential sensitivity of three marine invertebrates to copper assessed using multiple biomarkers. Aquat Toxicol, 66(3), 267-278. Abstract.  Author URL.
Hagger, J. Dissanayake, A. Browne, M.A. (2004). Esterases of the bivalve <em>Adamussius colbecki</em> as biomarkers of environmental quality. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49, 445-455.
Galloway, T.S. (2004). Evaluation of fixed wavelength fluorescence and synchronous fluorescence spectrophotometry as biomonitoring tools of environmental contamination. Marine Environmental Research, 58, 281-285.
Galloway, T.S. Browne, M.A. Dissanayake, A. (2004). Evaluation of toxicity in tribuitaries of the Mersey estuary using the isopod <em>Asellus aquaticus</em>. Marine Environmental Research, 58, 327-331.
Galloway, T.S. Horton, S.J. Wilkin, T.J. (2004). Exploring the idiotypes of insulin antibodies as markers of metabolic remission in type 1 diabetes. Diabetic Medicine, 21, 1316-1324.
Watson GM, Andersen O-K, Galloway TS, Depledge MH (2004). Rapid assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure in decapod crustaceans by fluorimetric analysis of urine and haemolymph. Aquat Toxicol, 67(2), 127-142. Abstract.  Author URL.
Handy RD, Galloway TS, Depledge MH (2003). A proposal for the use of biomarkers for the assessment of chronic pollution and in regulatory toxicology. Ecotoxicology, 12(1-4), 331-343. Abstract.  Author URL.
Handy, R.D. (2003). Immunotoxicity of organophosphorous pesticides. Ecotoxicology, 12, 345-363.
Wilkin T, Devendra D, Galloway T, Horton S (2003). The use of phage display to distinguish insulin autoantibody (IAA) from insulin antibody (IA) iditypes. Diabetologia, 46(6), 802-809.
DePledge M, Galloway T, Sanger R, Smith R (2002). Rapid assessment of marine pollution using multiple biomarkers and chemical immunoassays. Environmental Science & Technology, 36(10), 2219-2226.
Galloway TS, Millward N, Browne MA, Depledge MH (2002). Rapid assessment of organophosphorous/carbamate exposure in the bivalve mollusc Mytilus edulis using combined esterase activities as biomarkers. Aquat Toxicol, 61(3-4), 169-180. Abstract.  Author URL.
Fillmann G, Galloway TS, Sanger RC, Depledge MH, Readman JW (2002). Relative performance of immunochemical (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and gas chromatography-electron-capture detection techniques to quantify polychlorinated biphenyls in mussel tissues. Analytica Chimica Acta, 461(1), 75-84. Abstract.
Galloway TS, Depledge MH (2001). Immunotoxicity in invertebrates: measurement and ecotoxicological relevance. Ecotoxicology, 10(1), 5-23. Abstract.  Author URL.
Sharpe, C. Morrall, C.E. Galloway, T.S. (2001). Nitric oxide and dinoflagellate symbiosis: pieces of a puzzle. American Zoology, 41, 111-121.
Morrall CE, Galloway TS, Trapido-Rosenthal HG, Depledge MH (2000). Characterisation of nitric oxide synthase activity in the tropical sea anemone Aiptasia pallida. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol, 125(4), 483-491. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway TS (2000). Monoclonal Antibodies: the Basics from Background to Bench. Autoimmunity, 32(2). Abstract.
Galloway TS, Fewster D, Crocker D, Noor M, Wilkin TJ (2000). Time clustering of high titre insulin autoantibodies (IAA) in the cord blood of infants born to non-diabetic mothers. Autoimmunity, 32(1), 17-26. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, Millward BA, Fewster D, Wilkin TJ (1996). Binding specificity of IAA in cord blood. The EarlyBird study. DIABETOLOGIA, 39, 361-361.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, van Heyningen S (1987). Binding of NAD+ by cholera toxin. Biochem J, 244(1), 225-230. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, Tait RM, van Heyningen S (1987). Photolabelling of cholera toxin by NAD+. Biochem J, 242(3), 927-930. Abstract.  Author URL.


Laforsch C, Ramsperger AFRM, Mondellini S, Galloway TS (2021). Microplastics: a Novel Suite of Environmental Contaminants but Present for Decades. In  (Ed) Regulatory Toxicology: Volumes 1-2, Second Edition, 1185-1210. Abstract.
Galloway TS, Lee BP, Burić I, Steele AM, Kocur AL, Pandeth AG, Harries LW (2019). Plastics Additives and Human Health: a Case Study of Bisphenol a (BPA). In  (Ed) , 131-155. Abstract.
McNeal AW, Cole M, Galloway TS, Lewis C, Watts A, Wright S, Miller RZ, Lindeque P (2017). Are Smaller Microplastics Underestimated? Comparing Anthropogenic Debris Collected with Different Mesh Sizes. In  (Ed) Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems, Elsevier.
Duncan E, Broderick A, Galloway T, Lindeque P, Godley B (2017). Investigating the Presence and Effects of Microplastics in Sea Turtles. In  (Ed) Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems, Elsevier, 33-34.
Watts A, Urbina M, Lewis C, Galloway T (2017). Primary (Ingestion) and Secondary (Inhalation) Uptake of Microplastic in the Crab Carcinus maenas, and its Biological Effects. In  (Ed) Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems, Elsevier.
Galloway TS (2015). Micro- and nano-plastics and human health. In  (Ed) Marine Anthropogenic Litter, 343-366. Abstract.
Hagger JA, Galloway TS, Copplestone D (2012). The Use of Biomarkers as Simple, Rapid Cost-Effective Techniques to Aid in an Integrated Approach to Environmental Management and Risk Assessment with Particular Emphasis on Radionuclides. In  (Ed) Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science, 339-353. Abstract.
Hagger JA, Galloway TS, Copplestone D (2011). 4.12 the Use of Biomarkers as Simple, Rapid Cost-Effective Techniques to Aid in an Integrated Approach to Environmental Management and Risk Assessment with Particular Emphasis on Radionuclides. In  (Ed) Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science, Elsevier, 339-353.
Hagger JA, Galloway TS (2009). Biological markers of exposure and effect for water pollution monitoring. In Gonzalez DC, Greenwood DR, Quevauviller PP (Eds.) Rapid Chemical and Biological Techniques for Water Monitoring, London, UK: John Wiley & Sons inc. Abstract.
Galloway TS, Goven AJ (2006). Invertebrate immunotoxicology. In  (Ed) Immunotoxicology and Immunopharmacology, Third Edition, 365-384. Abstract.


Burton K, Hopkinson P, Lenton T, Benson D, Galloway T, Godley B, Nelms S, Short R, Xiaoyu Y, Boehm S, et al (2020). Towards a new Regional Circular Economy for Plastics - Progress in South West England. Dr Kerry Burton. 8th - 12th Jun 2020. Abstract.
Cross RK, Tyler C, Galloway TS (2015). Transformations that affect fate, form and bioavailability of inorganic nanoparticles in aquatic sediments.  Author URL.
Fletcher T, Harries LW, Galloway T, Yucesoy B, Kashon M, Luster M (2013). Genetic and transcriptomic studies of PFOA and PFOS: thyroid hormones, lipid metabolism and transporter proteins.
Fletcher T, Harries L, Galloway T, Melzer D, Luster M (2012). O-134.
Lewis C, Caldwell G, Galloway T (2010). Impacts of Environmental Contamination on the Reproductive Ecology of Marine Invertebrates. Meeting of the Division of Chemical Toxicology of the American-Chemical-Society. 16th - 20th Aug 2009.
Lewis C, Caldwell GS, Galloway TS (2009). TOXI 33-Impacts of environmental contamination on the reproductive ecology of marine invertebrates.  Author URL.
Melzer D, Lang IA, Scarlett A, Galloway TS (2008). Bisphenol A, Age, Ethnicity and Health Outcomes.  Author URL.
Pook C, Lewis C, Galloway T (2008). The metabolic and fitness costs of resistance to copper and zinc toxicity in <i>Nereis diversicolor</i>.  Author URL.
Galloway TS (2006). Biomarkers in environmental and human health risk assessment. Abstract.  Author URL.
Cheung VV, Jha A, Owen R, Depledge MH, Galloway TS (2006). Development of the in vivo chromosome aberration assay in oyster (Crassostrea gigas) embryo-larvae for genotoxicity assessment. Abstract.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, Bastable H, Hagger J (2006). Mechanisms of endocrine toxicity: Carbonic anhydrase, calcium metabolism and imposex.  Author URL.
Ford T, Jay J, Patel A, Kile M, Prommasith P, Galloway T, Sanger R, Smith K, Depledge M (2005). Use of ecotoxicological tools to evaluate the health of New Bedford Harbor sediments: a microbial biomarker approach. Abstract.  Author URL.
Smith EL, Sutton PA, Lewis AC, Galloway T, Rowland SJ (2004). Analytical and toxicological methods for identification of unresolved complex mixtures ('humps') of hydrocarbons in the environment.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, Devendra D, Horton SJ, Knip M, Wilkin TJ (2004). Distinct idiotypes of insulin autoantibody in type 1 diabetes and autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, Brown RJ, Browne MA, Dissanayake A, Lowe D, Jones MB, Depledge MH (2004). Ecosystem management bioindicators: the ECOMAN project--a multi-biomarker approach to ecosystem management. Abstract.  Author URL.
Horton SJ, Galloway TS, Devendra D, Wilkin TJ (2003). Novel reagents for the assay of IAA idiotypes. Towards the standardisation of diabetes-predictive IAA measurement.  Author URL.
Galloway TS, Ray K, Malhotra R (2003). Regulation of B lymphocytes in health and disease. Meeting review. Abstract.  Author URL.
Devendra D, Galloway TS, Horton SJ, Knip M, Wilkin TJ (2002). A novel anti idiotope reagent to characterize insulin autoantibody detection.  Author URL.
Trapioo-Rosenthal HG, Sharp KH, Galloway TS, Morrall CE (2001). Nitric oxide and cnidarian-dinoflagellate symbioses: pieces of a puzzle1. Abstract.
Smith KL, Galloway TS, Depledge MH (2000). Neuro-endocrine biomarkers of pollution-induced stress in marine invertebrates. Abstract.  Author URL.

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External Engagement and Impact

Awards/Honorary fellowships

Committee/panel activities

Expert member of the OECD Sustainable design from a chemical perspective

UKRI Smart Sustainable Plastic Packaging committee 2020-

UK Government Hazardous Substances Advisory Committee 2015-2021

NERC Peer Review College 2010-

NERC Science and Innovation Strategy Board 2013-

Expert member of the OECD Working Party on Manufactured Nanoparticles, 2008-

L’Oreal/UNESCO Women in Science expert reviewer

Member of Marine strategy Framework Directive, Technical Advisory Group Marine Plastics

Advisor to Defra Chemicals and Nanomaterials Division

South West Regional Environmental Protection Advisory Committee, expert member UK 2009- 2012

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Congressional Review on Bisphenol A, Washington, Sep 2007, invited expert witness

US EPA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act Scientific Advisory Panel (FIFRA SAP), ad hoc member advising on human health effects of environmental chemicals

UK Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, Report on Novel Materials 2008, contributing author

Commissioned work and consultancy

I provide independent expert advice on the ecotoxicology of major pollutants and emerging contaminants of concern.

Editorial responsibilities

I am Editor in Chief for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, the journal for the Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)

I am an editor for the journal Chemosphere.

Media Coverage

My work regularly results in media coverage in both print and broadcast media.

Plastic in oceans 'threatens food chain' - BBC 1 news and BBC World Service (Oct 2015)

How plastic pollution may harm marine life - NERC Planet Earth Online podcast (Sept 2014)

Microplastics lodge in crab gills and guts (July 2014)

Article on about Microplastics (Feb 2014)

Interview on CBC (Candian Radio station) about Microplastics (Dec 2013)

Podcast on Polution and Plastics on The Naked Scientists (Feb 2010)

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Level 1

  • BIO1331 The Animals
  • BIO 1324 Fundamental Skills for the Biosciences

Level 3

  • BIO3067 Ecotoxicology



Information not currently available

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Supervision / Group

Postdoctoral researchers

Postgraduate researchers


  • Aisha Amer (PhD)
  • Nic Bouskill (PhD)
  • Becky Brown (Research Fellow)
  • Mark Browne (PhD)
  • Martin Canty (PhD)
  • Vikki Cheung (Research Fellow)
  • Riccardo Cippelli (Wellcome Trust Research Fellow)
  • Devendra Devaseman (MD)
  • Awantha Dissanayake (PhD)
  • Ida Dolciotti (Erasmus MRes)
  • Julia Fabrega (EPSRC Research Fellow)
  • Jo Hagger (Leverhulme Trust Research Fellow)
  • Sara Horton (PhD)
  • Katla Jorundsdottir (PhD)
  • Ceri Lewis (NERC Research Fellow)
  • Utra Mankasing (PhD)
  • Jonathan McQuillan (EU Associate Research Fellow)
  • Clare Morrall (PhD)
  • Lisa Nelson (PhD)
  • Anne O'Neill (PhD)
  • Olivia Osborne (PhD)
  • Chris Pook (PhD)
  • Gareth Prowse (PhD)
  • Alan Scarlett (PhD)
  • Emma Smith (Research Fellow)
  • Karen Smith (PhD)
  • Emma Teuten (Leverhulme Trust Research Fellow)
  • Giles Watson (PhD)
  • John Wong (MD)

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