Professor Mike Boots
Professor of Disease Biology

Key publications | Publications by category | Publications by year

Key publications



Wilfert L, Long G, Leggett H, Schmid-Hempel P, Butlin R, Martin SJM, Boots M (2016). Deformed wing virus is a recent global epidemic in honeybees driven by Varroa mites. Science Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Ashby B, Boots M (2015). Coevolution of parasite virulence and host mating strategies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112(43), 13290-13295. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (2011). The evolution of resistance to a parasite is determined by resources. Am Nat, 178(2), 214-220. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Lion S, Boots M (2010). Are parasites ''prudent'' in space?. Ecology Letters, 13(10), 1245-1255. Abstract. DOI.
Best A, White A, Boots M (2008). Maintenance of host variation in tolerance to pathogens and parasites. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105(52), 20786-20791. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Mealor M (2007). Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Science, 315(5816), 1284-1286. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

Publications by category


Journal articles

Manley R, Boots M, Bayer-Wilfert L (In Press). Condition-dependent virulence of Slow Bee Paralysis Virus in Bombus terrestris: Are the impacts of honeybee viruses in wild pollinators underestimated?. Oecologia Full text.
Boots M, taggart S, tidbury H, bridgett S, garbutt J, kaur G (In Press). Novel insights into the insect transcriptome response to a natural DNA virus. BMC Genomics Full text.
Boots M, Donnelly R, White A (In Press). Optimal immune defence in the light of variation in lifespan. Parasite Immunol, 35(11), 331-338. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hesse E, Best A, Boots M, Hall AR, Buckling A (In Press). Spatial heterogeneity lowers rather than increases host-parasite specialization. J Evol Biol, 28(9), 1682-1690. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Silk MJ, Croft DP, Delahay RJ, Hodgson DJ, Boots M, Weber N, McDonald RA (In Press). Using social network metrics in wildlife disease ecology, epidemiology and management. Bioscience Full text.
Donnelly R, White A, Boots M (2017). Host lifespan and the evolution of resistance to multiple parasites. J Evol Biol, 30(3), 561-570. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Ashby B, Boots M (2017). Multi-mode fluctuating selection in host-parasite coevolution. Ecol Lett, 20(3), 357-365. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Wilfert L, Long G, Leggett H, Schmid-Hempel P, Butlin R, Martin SJM, Boots M (2016). Deformed wing virus is a recent global epidemic in honeybees driven by Varroa mites. Science Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Grunnill M, Boots M (2016). How Important is Vertical Transmission of Dengue Viruses by Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae)?. J Med Entomol, 53(1), 1-19. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
White A, Lurz PWW, Bryce J, Tonkin M, Ramoo K, Bamforth L, Jarrott A, Boots M (2016). Modelling disease spread in real landscapes: Squirrelpox spread in southern Scotland as a case study. Hystrix, 27(1). Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Jones HE, White A, Geddes N, Clavey P, Farries J, Dearnley T, Boots M, Lurz PWW (2016). Modelling the impact of forest design plans on an endangered mammal species: the eurasian red squirrel. Hystrix, 27(1). Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
van Houte S, Ekroth AKE, Broniewski JM, Chabas H, Ashby B, Bondy-Denomy J, Gandon S, Boots M, Paterson S, Buckling A, et al (2016). The diversity-generating benefits of a prokaryotic adaptive immune system. Nature, 532(7599), 385-388. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pastok D, Hoare MJ, Ryder JJ, Boots M, Knell RJ, Atkinson D, Hurst GDD (2016). The role of host phenology in determining the incidence of an insect sexually transmitted infection. Oikos, 125(5), 636-643. Abstract. DOI.
Lynch PA, Boots M (2016). Using evolution to generate sustainable malaria control with spatial repellents. Elife, 5 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Ashby B, Boots M (2015). Coevolution of parasite virulence and host mating strategies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112(43), 13290-13295. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Manley R, Boots M, Wilfert L (2015). Emerging viral disease risk to pollinating insects: ecological, evolutionary and anthropogenic factors. J Appl Ecol, 52, 331-340. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Westra ER, van Houte S, Oyesiku-Blakemore S, Makin B, Broniewski JM, Best A, Bondy-Denomy J, Davidson A, Boots M, Buckling A, et al (2015). Parasite Exposure Drives Selective Evolution of Constitutive versus Inducible Defense. Curr Biol, 25(8), 1043-1049. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Westra ER, Van houte S, Oyesiku-Blakemore S, Makin B, Broniewski JM, Best A, Bondy-Denomy J, Davidson A, Boots M, Buckling A, et al (2015). Parasite exposure drives selective evolution of constitutive versus inducible defense. Current Biology, 25(8), 1043-1049. Abstract. DOI.
Hesse E, Best A, Boots M, Hall AR, Buckling A (2015). Spatial heterogeneity lowers rather than increases host-parasite specialization. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 28(9), 1682-1690. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M (2015). The Need for Evolutionarily Rational Disease Interventions: Vaccination can Select for Higher Virulence. PLoS Biol, 13(8). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Donnelly R, White A, Boots M (2015). The epidemiological feedbacks critical to the evolution of host immunity. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 28(11), 2042-2053. Abstract. DOI.
Donnelly R, White A, Boots M (2015). The epidemiological feedbacks critical to the evolution of host immunity. J Evol Biol, 28(11), 2042-2053. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
McVicker G, Prajsnar TK, Williams A, Wagner NL, Boots M, Renshaw SA, Foster SJ (2014). Clonal expansion during Staphylococcus aureus infection dynamics reveals the effect of antibiotic intervention. PLoS Pathog, 10(2). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
White A, Bell SS, Lurz PWW, Boots M (2014). Conservation management within strongholds in the face of disease-mediated invasions: Red and grey squirrels as a case study. Journal of Applied Ecology, 51(6), 1631-1642. Abstract. DOI.
Ryder JJ, Hoare M-J, Pastok D, Bottery M, Boots M, Fenton A, Atkinson D, Knell RJ, Hurst GDD (2014). Disease epidemiology in arthropods is altered by the presence of nonprotective symbionts. Am Nat, 183(3), E89-104. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Lopez Pascua L, Hall AR, Best A, Morgan AD, Boots M, Buckling A (2014). Higher resources decrease fluctuating selection during host-parasite coevolution. Ecol Lett, 17(11), 1380-1388. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, White A, Best A, Bowers R (2014). How specificity and epidemiology drive the coevolution of static trait diversity in hosts and parasites. Evolution, 68(6), 1594-1606. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, White A, Best A, Bowers R (2014). How specificity and epidemiology drive the coevolution of static trait diversity in hosts and parasites. Evolution, 68(6), 1594-1606. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Best A, White A, Boots M (2014). The coevolutionary implications of host tolerance. Evolution, 68(5), 1426-1435. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Wilson K, Coulson T, Boots M, Baker L, Livermore P (2014). The times they are a-changin': Evolution and revolution in animal ecology publishing. Journal of Animal Ecology, 83(1), 1-4. DOI.
Webb SD, Keeling MJ, Boots M (2013). A theoretical study of the role of spatial population structure in the evolution of parasite virulence. Theor Popul Biol, 84, 36-45. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Leggett HC, Buckling A, Long GH, Boots M (2013). Generalism and the evolution of parasite virulence. Trends Ecol Evol, 28(10), 592-596. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Rasheed SB, Boots M, Frantz AC, Butlin RK (2013). Population structure of the mosquito Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) in Pakistan. Med Vet Entomol, 27(4), 430-440. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Coulson T, Hays G, Boots M, Wilson K, Baker L, Livermore P (2013). Publishing the best original research in animal ecology: Looking forward from 2013. Journal of Animal Ecology, 82(1), 1-2. DOI.
Donnelly R, Best A, White A, Boots M (2013). Seasonality selects for more acutely virulent parasites when virulence is density dependent. Proc Biol Sci, 280(1751). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ryder JJ, Pastok D, Hoare MJ, Bottery MJ, Boots M, Knell RK, Atkinson D, Hurst GDD (2013). Spatial variation in food supply, mating behavior, and sexually transmitted disease epidemics. Behavioral Ecology, 24(3), 723-729. Abstract. DOI.
Best A, Tidbury H, White A, Boots M (2013). The evolutionary dynamics of within-generation immune priming in invertebrate hosts. J R Soc Interface, 10(80). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Antonovics J, Boots M, Ebert D, Koskella B, Poss M, Sadd BM (2013). The origin of specificity by means of natural selection: Evolved and nonhost resistance in host-pathogen interactions. Evolution, 67(1), 1-9. Abstract. DOI.
Webb SD, Keeling MJ, Boots M (2013). The role of spatial population structure on the evolution of parasites with acquired immunity and demography. J Theor Biol, 324, 21-31. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Prajsnar TK, Hamilton R, Garcia-Lara J, McVicker G, Williams A, Boots M, Foster SJ, Renshaw SA (2012). A privileged intraphagocyte niche is responsible for disseminated infection of Staphylococcus aureus in a zebrafish model. Cell Microbiol, 14(10), 1600-1619. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Rasheed SB, Butlin RK, Boots M (2012). A review of dengue as an emerging disease in Pakistan. Public Health
Strauss A, White A, Boots M (2012). Invading with biological weapons: the importance of disease-mediated invasions. Functional Ecology, 26(6), 1249-1261. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Roberts KE (2012). Maternal effects in disease resistance: poor maternal environment increases offspring resistance to an insect virus. Proc Biol Sci, 279(1744), 4009-4014. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Dieng H, Rahman GMS, Hassan AA, Salmah MRC, Satho T, Miake F, Boots M, Sazaly A (2012). The effects of simulated rainfall on immature population dynamics of Aedes albopictus and female oviposition. International Journal of Biometeorology, 56(1), 113-120. Abstract. DOI.
Tidbury HJ, Best A, Boots M (2012). The epidemiological consequences of immune priming. Proc Biol Sci, 279(1746), 4505-4512. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Best A, Long G, White A, Boots M (2012). The implications of immunopathology for parasite evolution. Proc Biol Sci, 279(1741), 3234-3240. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, White A, Best A, Bowers R (2012). The importance of who infects whom: the evolution of diversity in host resistance to infectious disease. Ecology Letters, 15(10), 1104-1111. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, White A, Best A, Bowers R (2012). The importance of who infects whom: the evolution of diversity in host resistance to infectious disease. Ecology Letters, 15(10), 1104-1111. Abstract. DOI.
Antonovics J, Boots M, Ebert D, Koskella B, Poss M, Sadd BM (2012). The origin of specificity by means of natural selection: Evolved and nonhost resistance in host-pathogen interactions. Evolution
Ahmad A, Ahmad AH, Dieng H, Satho T, Ahmad H, Aziz AT, Boots M (2011). Cadaver wrapping and arrival performance of adult flies in an oil palm plantation in northern Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Medical Entomology, 48(6), 1236-1246. Abstract. DOI.
Dieng H, Saifur RGM, Ahmad AH, Md Rawi CS, Boots M, Satho T, Zuharah WF, Fadzly N, Althbyani A, Miake F, et al (2011). Discarded cigarette butts attract females and kill the progeny of aedes albopictus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 27(3), 263-271. Abstract. DOI.
Vale PF, Wilson AJ, Best A, Boots M, Little TJ (2011). Epidemiological, evolutionary, and coevolutionary implications of context-dependent parasitism. American Naturalist, 177(4), 510-521. Abstract. DOI.
Best A, Webb S, White A, Boots M (2011). Host resistance and coevolution in spatially structured populations. Proc Biol Sci, 278(1715), 2216-2222. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Long GH, Boots M (2011). How can immunopathology shape the evolution of parasite virulence?. Trends Parasitol, 27(7), 300-305. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bacelar FS, White A, Boots M (2011). Life history and mating systems select for male biased parasitism mediated through natural selection and ecological feedbacks. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 269(1), 131-137. Abstract. DOI.
Best A, Webb S, Antonovics J, Boots M (2011). Local transmission processes and disease-driven host extinctions. Theoretical Ecology, 1-7.
Saejeng A, Siva-Jothy MT, Boots M (2011). Low cost antiviral activity of Plodia interpunctella haemolymph in vivo demonstrated by dose dependent infection. Journal of Insect Physiology, 57(2), 246-250. Abstract. DOI.
Leggett HC, Jones EO, Burke T, Hails RS, Sait SM, Boots M (2011). Population genetic structure of the winter moth, Operophtera brumata Linnaeus, in the Orkney Isles suggests long-distance dispersal. Ecological Entomology, 36(3), 318-325. Abstract. DOI.
Jones EO, White A, Boots M (2011). The evolution of host protection by vertically transmitted parasites. Proc Biol Sci, 278(1707), 863-870. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (2011). The evolution of resistance to a parasite is determined by resources. Am Nat, 178(2), 214-220. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Laughton AM, Boots M, Siva-Jothy MT (2011). The ontogeny of immunity in the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. following an immune challenge. J Insect Physiol, 57(7), 1023-1032. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Reynolds JJH, White A, Sherratt JA, Boots M (2011). The population dynamical consequences of density-dependent prophylaxis. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 288(1), 1-8. Abstract. DOI.
Tidbury HJ, Pedersen AB, Boots M (2011). Within and transgenerational immune priming in an insect to a DNA virus. Proc Biol Sci, 278(1707), 871-876. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Lion S, Boots M (2010). Are parasites ''prudent'' in space?. Ecology Letters, 13(10), 1245-1255. Abstract. DOI.
Abu Hassan A, Dieng H, Satho T, Boots M, Al Sariy JSL (2010). Breeding patterns of the JE vector Culex gelidus and its insect predators in rice cultivation areas of northern peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine, 27(3), 404-416. Abstract.
Rudolf VHW, Kamo M, Boots M (2010). Cannibals in space: the coevolution of cannibalism and dispersal in spatially structured populations. American Naturalist, 175(5), 513-524. Abstract. DOI.
Saejeng A, Tidbury H, Siva-Jothy MT, Boots M (2010). Examining the relationship between hemolymph phenoloxidase and resistance to a DNA virus, Plodia interpunctella granulosis virus (PiGV). Journal of Insect Physiology, 56(9), 1232-1236. Abstract. DOI.
Adams B, Boots M (2010). How important is vertical transmission in mosquitoes for the persistence of dengue? Insights from a mathematical model. EPIDEMICS, 2(1), 1-10. Author URL. DOI.
Dieng H, Saifur RGM, Hassan AA, Che Salmah MR, Boots M, Satho T, Jaal Z, Abubakar S (2010). Indoor-breeding of Aedes albopictus in northern peninsular Malaysia and its potential epidemiological implications. PLoS ONE, 5(7). Abstract. DOI.
Best A, White A, Boots M (2010). Resistance is futile but tolerance can explain why parasites do not always castrate their hosts. Evolution, 64(2), 348-357. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Saifur RGM, Dieng H, Hassan AA, Satho T, Miake F, Boots M, Salmah MRC, Abubakar S (2010). The effects of moisture on ovipositional responses and larval eclosion of Aedes albopictus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 26(4), 373-380. Abstract. DOI.
Best A, White A, Kisdi E, Antonovics J, Brockhurst MA, Boots M (2010). The evolution of host-parasite range. Am Nat, 176(1), 63-71. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Jones EO, White A, Boots M (2010). The evolutionary implications of conflict between parasites with different transmission modes. Evolution, 64(8), 2408-2416. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Childs DZ, Boots M (2010). The interaction of seasonal forcing and immunity and the resonance dynamics of malaria. J R Soc Interface, 7(43), 309-319. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bell SS, White A, Sherratt JA, Boots M (2009). Invading with biological weapons: the role of shared disease in ecological invasion. Theoretical Ecology, 2(1), 53-66. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Childs D, Reuman DC, Mealor M (2009). Local interactions lead to pathogen-driven change to host population dynamics. Curr Biol, 19(19), 1660-1664. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Sorrell I, White A, Pedersen AB, Hails RS, Boots M (2009). The evolution of covert, silent infection as a parasite strategy. Proc Biol Sci, 276(1665), 2217-2226. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Best A, White A, Boots M (2009). The implications of coevolutionary dynamics to host-parasite interactions. Am Nat, 173(6), 779-791. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Best A, Miller MR, White A (2009). The role of ecological feedbacks in the evolution of host defence: what does theory tell us?. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 364(1513), 27-36. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (2008). Fight or learn to live with the consequences?. Trends Ecol Evol, 23(5), 248-250. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Best A, White A, Boots M (2008). Maintenance of host variation in tolerance to pathogens and parasites. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105(52), 20786-20791. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hoyle A, Bowers RG, White A, Boots M (2008). The influence of trade-off shape on evolutionary behaviour in classical ecological scenarios. J Theor Biol, 250(3), 498-511. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hamilton R, Siva-Jothy M, Boots M (2008). Two arms are better than one: parasite variation leads to combined inducible and constitutive innate immune responses. Proc Biol Sci, 275(1637), 937-945. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Dieng H, Boots M, Higashihara J, Okada T, Kato K, Satho T, Miake F, Eshita Y (2007). Effects of blood and virus-infected blood on protein expression in the midgut of the dengue vector Aedes albopictus. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 21(3), 278-283. Abstract. DOI.
Miller MR, White A, Boots M (2007). Host life span and the evolution of resistance characteristics. Evolution, 61(1), 2-14. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Webb SD, Keeling MJ, Boots M (2007). Host-parasite interactions between the local and the mean-field: how and when does spatial population structure matter?. J Theor Biol, 249(1), 140-152. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ryder JJ, Miller MR, White A, Knell RJ, Boots M (2007). Host-parasite population dynamics under combined frequency- and density-dependent transmission. Oikos, 116(12), 2017-2026. Abstract. DOI.
Jones EO, White A, Boots M (2007). Interference and the persistence of vertically transmitted parasites. J Theor Biol, 246(1), 10-17. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Mealor M (2007). Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Science, 315(5816), 1284-1286. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Webb SD, Keeling MJ, Boots M (2007). Spatially extended host-parasite interactions: the role of recovery and immunity. Theor Popul Biol, 71(2), 251-266. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Adams B, Boots M (2007). The influence of immune cross-reaction on phase structure in resonant solutions of a multi-strain seasonal SIR model. J Theor Biol, 248(1), 202-211. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Miller MR, White A, Wilson K, Boots M (2007). The population dynamical implications of male-biased parasitism in different mating systems. PLoS One, 2(7). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Kamo M, Sasaki A, Boots M (2007). The role of trade-off shapes in the evolution of parasites in spatial host populations: an approximate analytical approach. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 244(4), 588-596. Abstract. DOI.
Beckerman AP, Boots M, Gaston KJ (2007). Urban bird declines and the fear of cats. Animal Conservation, 10(3), 320-325. Abstract. DOI.
Mealor MA, Boots M (2006). An indirect approach to imply trade-off shapes: population level patterns in resistance suggest a decreasingly costly resistance mechanism in a model insect system. J Evol Biol, 19(2), 326-330. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Adams B, Holmes EC, Zhang C, Mammen MP, Nimmannitya S, Kalayanarooj S, Boots M (2006). Cross-protective immunity can account for the alternating epidemic pattern of dengue virus serotypes circulating in Bangkok. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 103(38), 14234-14239. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
White A, Greenman JV, Benton TG, Boots M (2006). Evolutionary behaviour in ecological systems with trade-offs and non-equilibrium population dynamics. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 8(3), 387-398. Abstract.
Adams B, Boots M (2006). Modelling the relationship between antibody-dependent enhancement and immunological distance with application to dengue. J Theor Biol, 242(2), 337-346. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Dieng H, Boots M, Tamori N, Higashihara J, Okada T, Kato K, Eshita Y (2006). Some technical and ecological determinants of hatchability in Aedes albopictus, a potential candidate for transposon-mediated transgenesis. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 22(3), 382-389. Abstract. DOI.
Childs DZ, Cattadori IM, Suwonkerd W, Prajakwong S, Boots M (2006). Spatiotemporal patterns of malaria incidence in northern Thailand. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 100(7), 623-631. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Kamo M, Boots M (2006). The evolution of parasite dispersal, transmission, and virulence in spatial host populations. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 8(7), 1333-1347. Abstract.
Miller MR, White A, Boots M (2006). The evolution of parasites in response to tolerance in their hosts: the good, the bad, and apparent commensalism. Evolution, 60(5), 945-956. Abstract.  Author URL.
Ryder JJ, Webberley KM, Boots M, Knell RJ (2005). Measuring the transmission dynamics of a sexually transmitted disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(42), 15140-15143. Abstract. DOI.
Hamilton R, Boots M, Paterson S (2005). The effect of host heterogeneity and parasite intragenomic interactions on parasite population structure. Proc Biol Sci, 272(1573), 1647-1653. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hamilton R, Boots M, Paterson S (2005). The effect of host heterogeneity and parasite intragenornic interactions on parasite population structure. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 272(1573), 1647-1653. Author URL. DOI.
Miller MR, White A, Boots M (2005). The evolution of host resistance: tolerance and control as distinct strategies. J Theor Biol, 236(2), 198-207. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Greenman JV, Benton TG, Boots M, White AR (2005). The evolution of oscillatory behavior in age-structured species. Am Nat, 166(1), 68-78. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bowers RG, Hoyle A, White A, Boots M (2005). The geometric theory of adaptive evolution: trade-off and invasion plots. J Theor Biol, 233(3), 363-377. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Greenman J, Kamo M, Boots M (2004). External forcing of ecological and epidemiological systems: a resonance approach. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 190(1-2), 136-151. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Hudson PJ, Sasaki A (2004). Large shifts in pathogen virulence relate to host population structure. Science, 303(5659), 842-844. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (2004). Modelling insect diseases as functional predators. Physiological Entomology, 29(3 SPEC. ISS.), 237-239. Abstract. DOI.
Kamo M, Boots M (2004). The curse of the pharaoh in space: free-living infectious stages and the evolution of virulence in spatially explicit populations. J Theor Biol, 231(3), 435-441. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Bowers RG (2004). The evolution of resistance through costly acquired immunity. Proc Biol Sci, 271(1540), 715-723. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Bowers RG (2003). Baseline criteria and the evolution of hosts and parasites: D0, R0 and competition for resources between strains. J Theor Biol, 223(3), 361-365. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tompkins DM, White AR, Boots M (2003). Ecological replacement of native red squirrels by invasive greys driven by disease. Ecology Letters, 6(3), 189-196. Abstract. DOI.
Bowers RG, White A, Boots M, Geritz SAH, Kisdi E (2003). Evolutionary branching/speciation: Contrasting results from systems with explicit or emergent carrying capacities. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 5(6), 883-891. Abstract.
Wilson K, Knell R, Boots M, Koch-Osborne J (2003). Group living and investment in immune defence: an interspecific analysis. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72(1), 133-143. Abstract. DOI.
Dieng H, Boots M, Tuno N, Tsuda Y, Takagi M (2003). Life history effects of prey choice by copepods: implications for biocontrol of vector mosquitoes. J Am Mosq Control Assoc, 19(1), 67-73. Abstract.  Author URL.
Boots M, Sasaki A (2003). Parasite evolution and extinctions. Ecology Letters, 6(3), 176-182. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Greenman J, Ross D, Norman R, Hails R, Sait S (2003). The population dynamical implications of covert infections in host-microparasite interactions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72(6), 1064-1072. Abstract. DOI.
Kawaguchi I, Sasaki A, Boots M (2003). Why are dengue virus serotypes so distantly related? Enhancement and limiting serotype similarity between dengue virus strains. Proc Biol Sci, 270(1530), 2241-2247. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Dieng H, Boots M, Tuno N, Tsuda Y, Takagi M (2002). A laboratory and field evaluation of Macrocyclops distinctus, Megacyclops viridis and Mesocyclops pehpeiensis as control agents of the dengue vector Aedes albopictus in a peridomestic area in Nagasaki, Japan. Med Vet Entomol, 16(3), 285-291. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dieng H, Mwandawiro C, Boots M, Morales R, Satho T, Tuno N, Tsuda Y, Takagi M (2002). Leaf litter decay process and the growth performance of Aedes albopictus larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). J Vector Ecol, 27(1), 31-38. Abstract.  Author URL.
Boots M, Sasaki A (2002). Parasite-driven extinction in spatially explicit host-parasite systems. Am Nat, 159(6), 706-713. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Knell RJ (2002). The evolution of risky behaviour in the presence of a sexually transmitted disease. Proc Biol Sci, 269(1491), 585-589. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (2000). Density-independent resource limitation and the transmission of an insect pathogen. Oecologia, 124(2), 172-175. Abstract.
Mwandawiro C, Boots M, Tuno N, Suwonkerd W, Tsuda Y, Takagi M (2000). Heterogeneity in the host preference of Japanese encephalitis vectors in Chiang Mai, northern Thailand. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 94(3), 238-242. Abstract.  Author URL.
Boots M (2000). Kinship and cannibalism in the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella: No evidence of kin discrimination. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2(2), 251-256. Abstract.
Boots M, Norman R (2000). Sublethal infection and the population dynamics of host-microparasite interactions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69(3), 517-524. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Sasaki A (2000). The evolutionary dynamics of local infection and global reproduction in host-parasite interactions. Ecology Letters, 3(3), 181-185. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Sasaki A (1999). 'Small worlds' and the evolution of virulence: infection occurs locally and at a distance. Proc Biol Sci, 266(1432), 1933-1938. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (1999). A general host-pathogen model with free-living infective stages and differing rates of uptake of the infective stages by infected and susceptible hosts. Researches on Population Ecology, 41(2), 189-194. Abstract.
Boots M, Haraguchi Y (1999). The evolution of costly resistance in host-parasite systems. American Naturalist, 153(4), 359-370. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Bowers RG (1999). Three mechanisms of host resistance to microparasites-avoidance, recovery and tolerance-show different evolutionary dynamics. J Theor Biol, 201(1), 13-23. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (1998). Cannibalism and the stage-dependent transmission of a viral pathogen of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Ecological Entomology, 23(2), 118-122. Abstract. DOI.
Begon M, Boots M (1995). Covert infection or, simply, resistance?. Functional Ecology, 9(3), 549-550.
Boots M, Begon M (1995). Strain differences in the indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella, in response to a granulosis virus. Researches on Population Ecology, 37(1), 37-42. Abstract. DOI.
Bowers RG, Boots M, Begon M (1994). Life-history trade-offs and the evolution of pathogen resistance: competition between host strains. Proc Biol Sci, 257(1350), 247-253. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
BOOTS M, BEGON M (1994). Resource limitation and the lethal and sublethal effects of a viral pathogen in the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Ecological Entomology, 19(4), 319-326. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Begon M (1993). Trade-offs with resistance to a granulosis virus in the Indian meal moth, examined by a laboratory evolution experiment. Functional Ecology, 7(5), 528-534.

Conferences

Antonovics J, Boots M, Abbate J, Baker C, McFrederick Q, Panjeti V (2011). Biology and evolution of sexual transmission.  Abstract. DOI.
Boots M (2004). Modelling insect diseases as functional predators.  Author URL. DOI.

Publications by year



In Press

Manley R, Boots M, Bayer-Wilfert L (In Press). Condition-dependent virulence of Slow Bee Paralysis Virus in Bombus terrestris: Are the impacts of honeybee viruses in wild pollinators underestimated?. Oecologia Full text.
Boots M, taggart S, tidbury H, bridgett S, garbutt J, kaur G (In Press). Novel insights into the insect transcriptome response to a natural DNA virus. BMC Genomics Full text.
Boots M, Donnelly R, White A (In Press). Optimal immune defence in the light of variation in lifespan. Parasite Immunol, 35(11), 331-338. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hesse E, Best A, Boots M, Hall AR, Buckling A (In Press). Spatial heterogeneity lowers rather than increases host-parasite specialization. J Evol Biol, 28(9), 1682-1690. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Silk MJ, Croft DP, Delahay RJ, Hodgson DJ, Boots M, Weber N, McDonald RA (In Press). Using social network metrics in wildlife disease ecology, epidemiology and management. Bioscience Full text.

2017

Donnelly R, White A, Boots M (2017). Host lifespan and the evolution of resistance to multiple parasites. J Evol Biol, 30(3), 561-570. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Ashby B, Boots M (2017). Multi-mode fluctuating selection in host-parasite coevolution. Ecol Lett, 20(3), 357-365. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2016

Wilfert L, Long G, Leggett H, Schmid-Hempel P, Butlin R, Martin SJM, Boots M (2016). Deformed wing virus is a recent global epidemic in honeybees driven by Varroa mites. Science Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Grunnill M, Boots M (2016). How Important is Vertical Transmission of Dengue Viruses by Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae)?. J Med Entomol, 53(1), 1-19. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
White A, Lurz PWW, Bryce J, Tonkin M, Ramoo K, Bamforth L, Jarrott A, Boots M (2016). Modelling disease spread in real landscapes: Squirrelpox spread in southern Scotland as a case study. Hystrix, 27(1). Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
Jones HE, White A, Geddes N, Clavey P, Farries J, Dearnley T, Boots M, Lurz PWW (2016). Modelling the impact of forest design plans on an endangered mammal species: the eurasian red squirrel. Hystrix, 27(1). Abstract.  Full text. DOI.
van Houte S, Ekroth AKE, Broniewski JM, Chabas H, Ashby B, Bondy-Denomy J, Gandon S, Boots M, Paterson S, Buckling A, et al (2016). The diversity-generating benefits of a prokaryotic adaptive immune system. Nature, 532(7599), 385-388. Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Pastok D, Hoare MJ, Ryder JJ, Boots M, Knell RJ, Atkinson D, Hurst GDD (2016). The role of host phenology in determining the incidence of an insect sexually transmitted infection. Oikos, 125(5), 636-643. Abstract. DOI.
Lynch PA, Boots M (2016). Using evolution to generate sustainable malaria control with spatial repellents. Elife, 5 Abstract.  Author URL.  Full text. DOI.

2015

Ashby B, Boots M (2015). Coevolution of parasite virulence and host mating strategies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 112(43), 13290-13295. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Manley R, Boots M, Wilfert L (2015). Emerging viral disease risk to pollinating insects: ecological, evolutionary and anthropogenic factors. J Appl Ecol, 52, 331-340. Author URL.  Full text. DOI.
Westra ER, van Houte S, Oyesiku-Blakemore S, Makin B, Broniewski JM, Best A, Bondy-Denomy J, Davidson A, Boots M, Buckling A, et al (2015). Parasite Exposure Drives Selective Evolution of Constitutive versus Inducible Defense. Curr Biol, 25(8), 1043-1049. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Westra ER, Van houte S, Oyesiku-Blakemore S, Makin B, Broniewski JM, Best A, Bondy-Denomy J, Davidson A, Boots M, Buckling A, et al (2015). Parasite exposure drives selective evolution of constitutive versus inducible defense. Current Biology, 25(8), 1043-1049. Abstract. DOI.
Hesse E, Best A, Boots M, Hall AR, Buckling A (2015). Spatial heterogeneity lowers rather than increases host-parasite specialization. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 28(9), 1682-1690. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M (2015). The Need for Evolutionarily Rational Disease Interventions: Vaccination can Select for Higher Virulence. PLoS Biol, 13(8). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Donnelly R, White A, Boots M (2015). The epidemiological feedbacks critical to the evolution of host immunity. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 28(11), 2042-2053. Abstract. DOI.
Donnelly R, White A, Boots M (2015). The epidemiological feedbacks critical to the evolution of host immunity. J Evol Biol, 28(11), 2042-2053. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2014

McVicker G, Prajsnar TK, Williams A, Wagner NL, Boots M, Renshaw SA, Foster SJ (2014). Clonal expansion during Staphylococcus aureus infection dynamics reveals the effect of antibiotic intervention. PLoS Pathog, 10(2). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
White A, Bell SS, Lurz PWW, Boots M (2014). Conservation management within strongholds in the face of disease-mediated invasions: Red and grey squirrels as a case study. Journal of Applied Ecology, 51(6), 1631-1642. Abstract. DOI.
Ryder JJ, Hoare M-J, Pastok D, Bottery M, Boots M, Fenton A, Atkinson D, Knell RJ, Hurst GDD (2014). Disease epidemiology in arthropods is altered by the presence of nonprotective symbionts. Am Nat, 183(3), E89-104. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Lopez Pascua L, Hall AR, Best A, Morgan AD, Boots M, Buckling A (2014). Higher resources decrease fluctuating selection during host-parasite coevolution. Ecol Lett, 17(11), 1380-1388. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, White A, Best A, Bowers R (2014). How specificity and epidemiology drive the coevolution of static trait diversity in hosts and parasites. Evolution, 68(6), 1594-1606. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, White A, Best A, Bowers R (2014). How specificity and epidemiology drive the coevolution of static trait diversity in hosts and parasites. Evolution, 68(6), 1594-1606. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Best A, White A, Boots M (2014). The coevolutionary implications of host tolerance. Evolution, 68(5), 1426-1435. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Wilson K, Coulson T, Boots M, Baker L, Livermore P (2014). The times they are a-changin': Evolution and revolution in animal ecology publishing. Journal of Animal Ecology, 83(1), 1-4. DOI.

2013

Webb SD, Keeling MJ, Boots M (2013). A theoretical study of the role of spatial population structure in the evolution of parasite virulence. Theor Popul Biol, 84, 36-45. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Leggett HC, Buckling A, Long GH, Boots M (2013). Generalism and the evolution of parasite virulence. Trends Ecol Evol, 28(10), 592-596. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Rasheed SB, Boots M, Frantz AC, Butlin RK (2013). Population structure of the mosquito Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) in Pakistan. Med Vet Entomol, 27(4), 430-440. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Coulson T, Hays G, Boots M, Wilson K, Baker L, Livermore P (2013). Publishing the best original research in animal ecology: Looking forward from 2013. Journal of Animal Ecology, 82(1), 1-2. DOI.
Donnelly R, Best A, White A, Boots M (2013). Seasonality selects for more acutely virulent parasites when virulence is density dependent. Proc Biol Sci, 280(1751). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ryder JJ, Pastok D, Hoare MJ, Bottery MJ, Boots M, Knell RK, Atkinson D, Hurst GDD (2013). Spatial variation in food supply, mating behavior, and sexually transmitted disease epidemics. Behavioral Ecology, 24(3), 723-729. Abstract. DOI.
Best A, Tidbury H, White A, Boots M (2013). The evolutionary dynamics of within-generation immune priming in invertebrate hosts. J R Soc Interface, 10(80). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Antonovics J, Boots M, Ebert D, Koskella B, Poss M, Sadd BM (2013). The origin of specificity by means of natural selection: Evolved and nonhost resistance in host-pathogen interactions. Evolution, 67(1), 1-9. Abstract. DOI.
Webb SD, Keeling MJ, Boots M (2013). The role of spatial population structure on the evolution of parasites with acquired immunity and demography. J Theor Biol, 324, 21-31. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2012

Prajsnar TK, Hamilton R, Garcia-Lara J, McVicker G, Williams A, Boots M, Foster SJ, Renshaw SA (2012). A privileged intraphagocyte niche is responsible for disseminated infection of Staphylococcus aureus in a zebrafish model. Cell Microbiol, 14(10), 1600-1619. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Rasheed SB, Butlin RK, Boots M (2012). A review of dengue as an emerging disease in Pakistan. Public Health
Strauss A, White A, Boots M (2012). Invading with biological weapons: the importance of disease-mediated invasions. Functional Ecology, 26(6), 1249-1261. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Roberts KE (2012). Maternal effects in disease resistance: poor maternal environment increases offspring resistance to an insect virus. Proc Biol Sci, 279(1744), 4009-4014. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Dieng H, Rahman GMS, Hassan AA, Salmah MRC, Satho T, Miake F, Boots M, Sazaly A (2012). The effects of simulated rainfall on immature population dynamics of Aedes albopictus and female oviposition. International Journal of Biometeorology, 56(1), 113-120. Abstract. DOI.
Tidbury HJ, Best A, Boots M (2012). The epidemiological consequences of immune priming. Proc Biol Sci, 279(1746), 4505-4512. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Best A, Long G, White A, Boots M (2012). The implications of immunopathology for parasite evolution. Proc Biol Sci, 279(1741), 3234-3240. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, White A, Best A, Bowers R (2012). The importance of who infects whom: the evolution of diversity in host resistance to infectious disease. Ecology Letters, 15(10), 1104-1111. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, White A, Best A, Bowers R (2012). The importance of who infects whom: the evolution of diversity in host resistance to infectious disease. Ecology Letters, 15(10), 1104-1111. Abstract. DOI.
Antonovics J, Boots M, Ebert D, Koskella B, Poss M, Sadd BM (2012). The origin of specificity by means of natural selection: Evolved and nonhost resistance in host-pathogen interactions. Evolution

2011

Antonovics J, Boots M, Abbate J, Baker C, McFrederick Q, Panjeti V (2011). Biology and evolution of sexual transmission.  Abstract. DOI.
Ahmad A, Ahmad AH, Dieng H, Satho T, Ahmad H, Aziz AT, Boots M (2011). Cadaver wrapping and arrival performance of adult flies in an oil palm plantation in northern Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Medical Entomology, 48(6), 1236-1246. Abstract. DOI.
Dieng H, Saifur RGM, Ahmad AH, Md Rawi CS, Boots M, Satho T, Zuharah WF, Fadzly N, Althbyani A, Miake F, et al (2011). Discarded cigarette butts attract females and kill the progeny of aedes albopictus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 27(3), 263-271. Abstract. DOI.
Vale PF, Wilson AJ, Best A, Boots M, Little TJ (2011). Epidemiological, evolutionary, and coevolutionary implications of context-dependent parasitism. American Naturalist, 177(4), 510-521. Abstract. DOI.
Best A, Webb S, White A, Boots M (2011). Host resistance and coevolution in spatially structured populations. Proc Biol Sci, 278(1715), 2216-2222. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Long GH, Boots M (2011). How can immunopathology shape the evolution of parasite virulence?. Trends Parasitol, 27(7), 300-305. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bacelar FS, White A, Boots M (2011). Life history and mating systems select for male biased parasitism mediated through natural selection and ecological feedbacks. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 269(1), 131-137. Abstract. DOI.
Best A, Webb S, Antonovics J, Boots M (2011). Local transmission processes and disease-driven host extinctions. Theoretical Ecology, 1-7.
Saejeng A, Siva-Jothy MT, Boots M (2011). Low cost antiviral activity of Plodia interpunctella haemolymph in vivo demonstrated by dose dependent infection. Journal of Insect Physiology, 57(2), 246-250. Abstract. DOI.
Leggett HC, Jones EO, Burke T, Hails RS, Sait SM, Boots M (2011). Population genetic structure of the winter moth, Operophtera brumata Linnaeus, in the Orkney Isles suggests long-distance dispersal. Ecological Entomology, 36(3), 318-325. Abstract. DOI.
Jones EO, White A, Boots M (2011). The evolution of host protection by vertically transmitted parasites. Proc Biol Sci, 278(1707), 863-870. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (2011). The evolution of resistance to a parasite is determined by resources. Am Nat, 178(2), 214-220. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Laughton AM, Boots M, Siva-Jothy MT (2011). The ontogeny of immunity in the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. following an immune challenge. J Insect Physiol, 57(7), 1023-1032. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Reynolds JJH, White A, Sherratt JA, Boots M (2011). The population dynamical consequences of density-dependent prophylaxis. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 288(1), 1-8. Abstract. DOI.
Tidbury HJ, Pedersen AB, Boots M (2011). Within and transgenerational immune priming in an insect to a DNA virus. Proc Biol Sci, 278(1707), 871-876. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2010

Lion S, Boots M (2010). Are parasites ''prudent'' in space?. Ecology Letters, 13(10), 1245-1255. Abstract. DOI.
Abu Hassan A, Dieng H, Satho T, Boots M, Al Sariy JSL (2010). Breeding patterns of the JE vector Culex gelidus and its insect predators in rice cultivation areas of northern peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine, 27(3), 404-416. Abstract.
Rudolf VHW, Kamo M, Boots M (2010). Cannibals in space: the coevolution of cannibalism and dispersal in spatially structured populations. American Naturalist, 175(5), 513-524. Abstract. DOI.
Saejeng A, Tidbury H, Siva-Jothy MT, Boots M (2010). Examining the relationship between hemolymph phenoloxidase and resistance to a DNA virus, Plodia interpunctella granulosis virus (PiGV). Journal of Insect Physiology, 56(9), 1232-1236. Abstract. DOI.
Adams B, Boots M (2010). How important is vertical transmission in mosquitoes for the persistence of dengue? Insights from a mathematical model. EPIDEMICS, 2(1), 1-10. Author URL. DOI.
Dieng H, Saifur RGM, Hassan AA, Che Salmah MR, Boots M, Satho T, Jaal Z, Abubakar S (2010). Indoor-breeding of Aedes albopictus in northern peninsular Malaysia and its potential epidemiological implications. PLoS ONE, 5(7). Abstract. DOI.
Best A, White A, Boots M (2010). Resistance is futile but tolerance can explain why parasites do not always castrate their hosts. Evolution, 64(2), 348-357. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Saifur RGM, Dieng H, Hassan AA, Satho T, Miake F, Boots M, Salmah MRC, Abubakar S (2010). The effects of moisture on ovipositional responses and larval eclosion of Aedes albopictus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 26(4), 373-380. Abstract. DOI.
Best A, White A, Kisdi E, Antonovics J, Brockhurst MA, Boots M (2010). The evolution of host-parasite range. Am Nat, 176(1), 63-71. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Jones EO, White A, Boots M (2010). The evolutionary implications of conflict between parasites with different transmission modes. Evolution, 64(8), 2408-2416. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Childs DZ, Boots M (2010). The interaction of seasonal forcing and immunity and the resonance dynamics of malaria. J R Soc Interface, 7(43), 309-319. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2009

Bell SS, White A, Sherratt JA, Boots M (2009). Invading with biological weapons: the role of shared disease in ecological invasion. Theoretical Ecology, 2(1), 53-66. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Childs D, Reuman DC, Mealor M (2009). Local interactions lead to pathogen-driven change to host population dynamics. Curr Biol, 19(19), 1660-1664. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Sorrell I, White A, Pedersen AB, Hails RS, Boots M (2009). The evolution of covert, silent infection as a parasite strategy. Proc Biol Sci, 276(1665), 2217-2226. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Best A, White A, Boots M (2009). The implications of coevolutionary dynamics to host-parasite interactions. Am Nat, 173(6), 779-791. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Best A, Miller MR, White A (2009). The role of ecological feedbacks in the evolution of host defence: what does theory tell us?. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 364(1513), 27-36. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2008

Boots M (2008). Fight or learn to live with the consequences?. Trends Ecol Evol, 23(5), 248-250. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Best A, White A, Boots M (2008). Maintenance of host variation in tolerance to pathogens and parasites. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105(52), 20786-20791. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hoyle A, Bowers RG, White A, Boots M (2008). The influence of trade-off shape on evolutionary behaviour in classical ecological scenarios. J Theor Biol, 250(3), 498-511. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hamilton R, Siva-Jothy M, Boots M (2008). Two arms are better than one: parasite variation leads to combined inducible and constitutive innate immune responses. Proc Biol Sci, 275(1637), 937-945. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2007

Dieng H, Boots M, Higashihara J, Okada T, Kato K, Satho T, Miake F, Eshita Y (2007). Effects of blood and virus-infected blood on protein expression in the midgut of the dengue vector Aedes albopictus. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 21(3), 278-283. Abstract. DOI.
Miller MR, White A, Boots M (2007). Host life span and the evolution of resistance characteristics. Evolution, 61(1), 2-14. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Webb SD, Keeling MJ, Boots M (2007). Host-parasite interactions between the local and the mean-field: how and when does spatial population structure matter?. J Theor Biol, 249(1), 140-152. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Ryder JJ, Miller MR, White A, Knell RJ, Boots M (2007). Host-parasite population dynamics under combined frequency- and density-dependent transmission. Oikos, 116(12), 2017-2026. Abstract. DOI.
Jones EO, White A, Boots M (2007). Interference and the persistence of vertically transmitted parasites. J Theor Biol, 246(1), 10-17. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Mealor M (2007). Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Science, 315(5816), 1284-1286. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Webb SD, Keeling MJ, Boots M (2007). Spatially extended host-parasite interactions: the role of recovery and immunity. Theor Popul Biol, 71(2), 251-266. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Adams B, Boots M (2007). The influence of immune cross-reaction on phase structure in resonant solutions of a multi-strain seasonal SIR model. J Theor Biol, 248(1), 202-211. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Miller MR, White A, Wilson K, Boots M (2007). The population dynamical implications of male-biased parasitism in different mating systems. PLoS One, 2(7). Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Kamo M, Sasaki A, Boots M (2007). The role of trade-off shapes in the evolution of parasites in spatial host populations: an approximate analytical approach. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 244(4), 588-596. Abstract. DOI.
Beckerman AP, Boots M, Gaston KJ (2007). Urban bird declines and the fear of cats. Animal Conservation, 10(3), 320-325. Abstract. DOI.

2006

Mealor MA, Boots M (2006). An indirect approach to imply trade-off shapes: population level patterns in resistance suggest a decreasingly costly resistance mechanism in a model insect system. J Evol Biol, 19(2), 326-330. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Adams B, Holmes EC, Zhang C, Mammen MP, Nimmannitya S, Kalayanarooj S, Boots M (2006). Cross-protective immunity can account for the alternating epidemic pattern of dengue virus serotypes circulating in Bangkok. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 103(38), 14234-14239. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
White A, Greenman JV, Benton TG, Boots M (2006). Evolutionary behaviour in ecological systems with trade-offs and non-equilibrium population dynamics. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 8(3), 387-398. Abstract.
Adams B, Boots M (2006). Modelling the relationship between antibody-dependent enhancement and immunological distance with application to dengue. J Theor Biol, 242(2), 337-346. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Dieng H, Boots M, Tamori N, Higashihara J, Okada T, Kato K, Eshita Y (2006). Some technical and ecological determinants of hatchability in Aedes albopictus, a potential candidate for transposon-mediated transgenesis. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 22(3), 382-389. Abstract. DOI.
Childs DZ, Cattadori IM, Suwonkerd W, Prajakwong S, Boots M (2006). Spatiotemporal patterns of malaria incidence in northern Thailand. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 100(7), 623-631. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Kamo M, Boots M (2006). The evolution of parasite dispersal, transmission, and virulence in spatial host populations. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 8(7), 1333-1347. Abstract.
Miller MR, White A, Boots M (2006). The evolution of parasites in response to tolerance in their hosts: the good, the bad, and apparent commensalism. Evolution, 60(5), 945-956. Abstract.  Author URL.

2005

Ryder JJ, Webberley KM, Boots M, Knell RJ (2005). Measuring the transmission dynamics of a sexually transmitted disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(42), 15140-15143. Abstract. DOI.
Hamilton R, Boots M, Paterson S (2005). The effect of host heterogeneity and parasite intragenomic interactions on parasite population structure. Proc Biol Sci, 272(1573), 1647-1653. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Hamilton R, Boots M, Paterson S (2005). The effect of host heterogeneity and parasite intragenornic interactions on parasite population structure. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 272(1573), 1647-1653. Author URL. DOI.
Miller MR, White A, Boots M (2005). The evolution of host resistance: tolerance and control as distinct strategies. J Theor Biol, 236(2), 198-207. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Greenman JV, Benton TG, Boots M, White AR (2005). The evolution of oscillatory behavior in age-structured species. Am Nat, 166(1), 68-78. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Bowers RG, Hoyle A, White A, Boots M (2005). The geometric theory of adaptive evolution: trade-off and invasion plots. J Theor Biol, 233(3), 363-377. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2004

Greenman J, Kamo M, Boots M (2004). External forcing of ecological and epidemiological systems: a resonance approach. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 190(1-2), 136-151. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Hudson PJ, Sasaki A (2004). Large shifts in pathogen virulence relate to host population structure. Science, 303(5659), 842-844. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (2004). Modelling insect diseases as functional predators.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (2004). Modelling insect diseases as functional predators. Physiological Entomology, 29(3 SPEC. ISS.), 237-239. Abstract. DOI.
Kamo M, Boots M (2004). The curse of the pharaoh in space: free-living infectious stages and the evolution of virulence in spatially explicit populations. J Theor Biol, 231(3), 435-441. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Bowers RG (2004). The evolution of resistance through costly acquired immunity. Proc Biol Sci, 271(1540), 715-723. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2003

Boots M, Bowers RG (2003). Baseline criteria and the evolution of hosts and parasites: D0, R0 and competition for resources between strains. J Theor Biol, 223(3), 361-365. Abstract.  Author URL.
Tompkins DM, White AR, Boots M (2003). Ecological replacement of native red squirrels by invasive greys driven by disease. Ecology Letters, 6(3), 189-196. Abstract. DOI.
Bowers RG, White A, Boots M, Geritz SAH, Kisdi E (2003). Evolutionary branching/speciation: Contrasting results from systems with explicit or emergent carrying capacities. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 5(6), 883-891. Abstract.
Wilson K, Knell R, Boots M, Koch-Osborne J (2003). Group living and investment in immune defence: an interspecific analysis. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72(1), 133-143. Abstract. DOI.
Dieng H, Boots M, Tuno N, Tsuda Y, Takagi M (2003). Life history effects of prey choice by copepods: implications for biocontrol of vector mosquitoes. J Am Mosq Control Assoc, 19(1), 67-73. Abstract.  Author URL.
Boots M, Sasaki A (2003). Parasite evolution and extinctions. Ecology Letters, 6(3), 176-182. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Greenman J, Ross D, Norman R, Hails R, Sait S (2003). The population dynamical implications of covert infections in host-microparasite interactions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72(6), 1064-1072. Abstract. DOI.
Kawaguchi I, Sasaki A, Boots M (2003). Why are dengue virus serotypes so distantly related? Enhancement and limiting serotype similarity between dengue virus strains. Proc Biol Sci, 270(1530), 2241-2247. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2002

Dieng H, Boots M, Tuno N, Tsuda Y, Takagi M (2002). A laboratory and field evaluation of Macrocyclops distinctus, Megacyclops viridis and Mesocyclops pehpeiensis as control agents of the dengue vector Aedes albopictus in a peridomestic area in Nagasaki, Japan. Med Vet Entomol, 16(3), 285-291. Abstract.  Author URL.
Dieng H, Mwandawiro C, Boots M, Morales R, Satho T, Tuno N, Tsuda Y, Takagi M (2002). Leaf litter decay process and the growth performance of Aedes albopictus larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). J Vector Ecol, 27(1), 31-38. Abstract.  Author URL.
Boots M, Sasaki A (2002). Parasite-driven extinction in spatially explicit host-parasite systems. Am Nat, 159(6), 706-713. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M, Knell RJ (2002). The evolution of risky behaviour in the presence of a sexually transmitted disease. Proc Biol Sci, 269(1491), 585-589. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

2000

Boots M (2000). Density-independent resource limitation and the transmission of an insect pathogen. Oecologia, 124(2), 172-175. Abstract.
Mwandawiro C, Boots M, Tuno N, Suwonkerd W, Tsuda Y, Takagi M (2000). Heterogeneity in the host preference of Japanese encephalitis vectors in Chiang Mai, northern Thailand. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 94(3), 238-242. Abstract.  Author URL.
Boots M (2000). Kinship and cannibalism in the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella: No evidence of kin discrimination. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2(2), 251-256. Abstract.
Boots M, Norman R (2000). Sublethal infection and the population dynamics of host-microparasite interactions. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69(3), 517-524. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Sasaki A (2000). The evolutionary dynamics of local infection and global reproduction in host-parasite interactions. Ecology Letters, 3(3), 181-185. Abstract. DOI.

1999

Boots M, Sasaki A (1999). 'Small worlds' and the evolution of virulence: infection occurs locally and at a distance. Proc Biol Sci, 266(1432), 1933-1938. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
Boots M (1999). A general host-pathogen model with free-living infective stages and differing rates of uptake of the infective stages by infected and susceptible hosts. Researches on Population Ecology, 41(2), 189-194. Abstract.
Boots M, Haraguchi Y (1999). The evolution of costly resistance in host-parasite systems. American Naturalist, 153(4), 359-370. Abstract. DOI.
Boots M, Bowers RG (1999). Three mechanisms of host resistance to microparasites-avoidance, recovery and tolerance-show different evolutionary dynamics. J Theor Biol, 201(1), 13-23. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.

1998

Boots M (1998). Cannibalism and the stage-dependent transmission of a viral pathogen of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Ecological Entomology, 23(2), 118-122. Abstract. DOI.

1995

Begon M, Boots M (1995). Covert infection or, simply, resistance?. Functional Ecology, 9(3), 549-550.
Boots M, Begon M (1995). Strain differences in the indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella, in response to a granulosis virus. Researches on Population Ecology, 37(1), 37-42. Abstract. DOI.

1994

Bowers RG, Boots M, Begon M (1994). Life-history trade-offs and the evolution of pathogen resistance: competition between host strains. Proc Biol Sci, 257(1350), 247-253. Abstract.  Author URL. DOI.
BOOTS M, BEGON M (1994). Resource limitation and the lethal and sublethal effects of a viral pathogen in the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella. Ecological Entomology, 19(4), 319-326. Abstract. DOI.

1993

Boots M, Begon M (1993). Trade-offs with resistance to a granulosis virus in the Indian meal moth, examined by a laboratory evolution experiment. Functional Ecology, 7(5), 528-534.